Ethical Considerations for Counselling in Rural Conditions

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By bibileung
Words 2289
Pages 10
Assessment Task 2 Research and ethical application (Case Vignettes)
Case 1: Kevin 1. The ethical standard or principle, legislation and provide reference/s
Australian Counselling Association - Code of Ethics and Practice
3.4 Confidentiality
(a) Confidentiality is a means
3.6 Exceptional Circumstances
(a) Exceptional circumstances may arise which give the counsellor goof grounds for believing that serious harm may occur to the client or to other people. In such circumstance the client’s consent to change in the agreement about confidentiality should be sought whenever possible unless there are also goof grounds for believing the client is no longer willing or able to take responsibility for his actions. Normally, the decision to break confidentiality should be discussed with the client and should be mad eonly after consultation with the counselling supervisor or if he/she not available, an experienced counsellor.
(b) Any disclosure of confidential information should be restricted to relevant information, conveyed only to appropriate people and for appropriate reasons likely to alleviate the exceptional circumstances. The ethical considerations include achieving a balance between acting in the best interests of the client and the counsellor’s responsibilities under the law and to the wider community.
(c) While counsellors hold different views about grounds for breaking confidentiality, such as potential self-harm, suicide, and harm to others they must also consider those put forward in this Code, as they too should imbue their practice. These views should be communicated to both clients and significant others e.g. supervisor, agency, etc.
Section A.2 of ASCA’s Ethical Standards for School Counsellors deals with confidentiality. Confidentiality is the cornerstone of ethical practice: The guarantee of privacy allows the counselee to build a trusting…...

Similar Documents

Ethical Considerations

...Ethical Considerations in Primary Research Summary: Primary research involves collecting data about a given subject directly from the real world. This section includes information on what primary research is, how to get started, ethics involved with primary research and different types of research you can do. It includes details about interviews, surveys, observations, and analysis. Contributors:Dana Lynn Driscoll, Allen Brizee Last Edited: 2012-09-21 10:05:43 Primary research is conducted all of the time--journalists use it as their primary means of reporting news and events; national polls and surveys discover what the population thinks about a particular political figure or proposal; and companies collect data on their consumer base and market trends. When conducting research in an academic or professional setting, you need to be aware of the ethics behind your research activity. Here are some specific points to consider: * You should have the permission of the people who you will be studying to conduct research involving them. * Not all types of research require permission—for example, if you are interested in analyzing something that is available publicly (such as in the case of commercials, public message boards, etc) you do not necessarily need the permission of the authors. * You don’t want to do anything that would cause physical or emotional harm to your subjects. This could be something as simple as being careful how you word sensitive or......

Words: 3241 - Pages: 13

Ethical Considerations

...The ethical obligations of a multinational corporation toward employment conditions, human rights, corruption, environmental pollution, and the use of power are not always clear cut. From an international business perspective- for MNE- with supply chain components spread across the globe, it becomes important to establish a moral compass to guide an organization to profit its stakeholders. One important factor (albeit a challenging one) in determining that moral compass is the culture. For example- an American company’s managers goes to a developing country and finds out that 40% of its sub-contractors’ labor consists of children under the age of 12. The sub-contractor has hired them because a) Children are cheaper than an adult, which results in reduced costs and higher profit for the American company b) A part of the process can be handled efficiently by a child (say making carpets) c) If the child was not allowed to work, consequences will be worse than employing that child for example prostitution or slavery D) it’s a “culturally established and acceptable practice” in that country e) Competition is also employing children – so abandoning that would result in the loss of a competitive advantage. What should the American manager do? Should he allow the status quo and agree with his sub-contractor? Should the sub-contractor succumb to the pressure from the parent company to meet unrealistic performance goals that can be attained only by cutting corners or......

Words: 1307 - Pages: 6

Ethical Considerations for Counselling in Rural Conditions

...specifies ethical principles and accepted guidelines governing the psychologists’ actions and methods to make the public known of their professional practices. The ethical standards define the best practices of professionals and ensure the high quality of practice. A psychologist must bring and maintain appropriate skills and learning within her area of practice. Falling under the Prudence principle, The Code of Ethics (2007) section B.1.2 states that a psychologist may only provide psychological services within boundaries of their professional competence, where a) working within their limits of training, education, and experience and b) basing their service on established knowledge of discipline and profession of psychology. However, the psychologist concerned is specialized in clinical psychology for adults, and now is dealing with adolescents, whom are clients beyond her scope of expertise. This raises the issue of limited professional competence. Nonetheless, rural regions often see a high demand due to lack of specialists normally found in urban locations. A change to the rural location brings pressure toward the psychologist to practice beyond their capability. The ethical trap possibilities lay in the fact that her qualification does not apply for the therapy, however there is no other way to go about it. Deemed as the “Circumstantiality” trap by Steinman et al (1998), it entails the circumstances on which they occurred must be taking into consideration......

Words: 2040 - Pages: 9

Research Summary and Ethical Considerations

...(Mayoclinic.org, 2014). The school based programs can play important role to prevent/ reduce these issues because school environment has important influence on children’s life and they spent many of their waking hours at school environments. School nurses has tremendous opportunity to make changes in the area of overweight and childhood obesity and many school nurses are not utilizing the situations because of the different reasons. This study addresses school nurse’s perceived barriers to weight-related issues. This paper will focus on the background of the study, method of study, results of the study, ethical considerations and how this study results applies to the nursing. A qualitative approach with the use of focus groups and discussion is how data was collected for this study. There were twenty two school nurses from three different school districts, ranging from suburban to rural areas for a total of seven focus groups. Each focus group session was led by a facilitator who introduced the topic questions, encouraged discussion, clarified responses and a second facilitator took detailed notes on the discussion. Additionally all focus groups were either videotaped or audio-taped for later review or transcription. Once all information had been reviewed and transcribed, identified themes were organized and evaluated. Researchers used NVivo8 to code and evaluate themes. The perceived barriers were then divided into the following five categories: Individual (nurse)......

Words: 783 - Pages: 4

Ethical Considerations

...Ethical Considerations The population to be studied consists of persons aged 18 or older; each one will have to consider for themselves if the benefits of participating in the study outweigh the risks. All of the data collected will be confidential, but the collection of information will be done through both survey and face to face interviewing. Mental illness has its own set of stigmas, and there may be individuals who do not feel comfortable talking about their mental illness symptoms with an interviewer. Researchers will be collecting the data in the office setting where clients are currently receiving services, which may help ease any concerns about sharing information regarding their condition. Participants will not be identified, unless they have identified themselves in a qualitative section of the survey. Surveys taken throughout the study will be given using a computerized system. Currently, clients check in and answer some questions from their counselor just before individual counselling session. This is done using an ipad, and information is immediately uploaded and only able to be seen by researchers. Using the existing system and allowing clients to take the survey as they check in will expedite the data collection. The client themselves will submit their data themselves as opposed to marking answers on paper sheets to be transcribed by a researcher. This keeps their information more private reduces the risk of recorder error. Participants in......

Words: 262 - Pages: 2

Ethical Considerations

...“Discuss ethical considerations related to research conducted into genetic influences on behaviour.” In this essay i am going to talk about the ethical considerations related to research conducted into genetic influences on behaviour. Ethics refers to the correct rules of conduct necessary when carrying out research. We have a moral responsibility to protect research participants from harm. Research methods is the method you are going to be using whilst the experiment is happening. For example, the research method could be a lab experiment, field experiment, correlation, case studies, observations etc. Within this essay, I am going to consider consent, briefing, counselling and the twin study. First of all, i would like to talk about consent. Consent is a key thing when dealing and carrying out studies within psychology. Consent is important because it is a legal procedure and it is given to ensure that all participants are aware of all the potential risks and costs involved within the psychological experiment. The elements of informed consent include informing the client of the nature of the treatment, possible alternative treatments, and the potential risks and benefits of the treatment. Anybody over the age of sixteen is legally aloud to give their own consent, however if you are under the age of sixteen then it is down to your parent/guardian to give consent for you to be able to participate within a psychological experiment. Although, not all experiments include......

Words: 413 - Pages: 2

Ethical Considerations

...Ethics and Corporate Responsibility in the Workplace and the World Patricia Ingram Professor Renee Berry Legal 500- Law, Ethics, and Corporate Governance March 1, 2015 Introduction "PharmaCARE is one of the world’s most successful pharmaceutical companies, enjoying a reputation as a caring, ethical and well-run company that produces high-quality products that save millions of lives and enhance the quality of life for millions of others. The company offers free and discounted drugs to low-income consumers, has a foundation that sponsors healthcare educational programs and scholarships, and its CEO serves on the PhRMA board. PharmaCARE recently launched a new initiative, We CARE about YOUR world®, pledging its commitment to the environment through recycling, packaging changes and other green initiatives, despite the fact that the company’s lobbying efforts and PAC have successfully defeated environmental laws and regulations, including extension of the Superfund tax, which was created by Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). ...PharmaCARE maintains a large manufacturing facility in the African nation of Colberia, where the company has found several “healers” eager to freely share information about indigenous cures and an abundance of Colberians willing to work for $1.00 a day, harvesting plants by walking five (5) miles into and out of the jungle carrying baskets that, when full, weigh up to fifty (50) pounds. Due to......

Words: 3343 - Pages: 14

Ethical Considerations

...Applying Ethical Frameworks in Practice Dawn M. Biggs Grand Canyon University: Ethical Decision Making in Healthcare March 29, 2015 Applying ethical decision making in the everyday practice in healthcare can be complicated. Healthcare providers must look at both sides of the issue while taking into account what is in the patient’s best interest while at the same time not letting their own opinions and beliefs dictate the decision making process. While one’s own values and ethics can help the process take shape it must never overrule the process and influence the decision. Case Scenario: “A 6-year-old develops a high fever accompanied by violent vomiting and convulsions while at school. The child is rushed to a nearby hospital. The attending physician makes a diagnosis of meningitis and requests permission to initiate treatment from the parents. The child’s parents are divorced. The mother, who is not the biological parent of the child, has primary custody. She is a Christian Scientist who insists that no medical treatment be offered for religious reasons. The biological father, who resides in another state, is also contacted. He insists that treatment be given and seeks independent consultation from another physician” (Ethical Decision Making-Week 3). The ethical dilemma takes shape due to opposing views from the parents in regards to medical treatment of the child. The mom is refusing to give consent for medical treatment due to religious beliefs and the father......

Words: 1500 - Pages: 6

Research Summary and Ethical Consideration

...Research Summary and Ethical Considerations Grand Canyon University NSR-433 Professor Stone August 15, 2015 Research Summary and Ethical Considerations Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented with certain lifestyle changes such as increased physical activity, healthy dietary habits, and weight loss. However, A better understanding of what motivates lifestyle changes and the barriers that prevent the life style changes, especially among overweight individuals with risk of T2D was needed. The study, Motivators and barriers to exercise among adults with a high risk of type 2 diabetes – a qualitative study, was preformed to help fill this knowledge gap. The purpose of this study was to describe the motivators and barriers to exercise among subjects with a high risk of T2D. (Korkiakangas, 2010) Background of study While there was previous research study, the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study, motivations and barriers to exercise with individuals with Type 2 Diabetes. Prior to this study, there was only one research study on motivation and barriers to exercise with individuals at risk for Type 2 Diabetes. The purpose of this current research study is to obtain more information and to identify and describe the motivators and barriers to exercise among subjects with a high risk of T2D. The obtained information will be used to develop content and methods for counseling. Nursing will be able to use this new developed content and methods for counseling to help guide the patient......

Words: 1869 - Pages: 8

Ethical Consideration

... ETHICAL CONSIDERATION Students Name: Instructors Name: Date Submitted: Introduction A research design defines the entire plan that one selects so as to incorporate the alternate components regarding a certain study in a logical and reasonable way (Vaus, 2006). Consequently, this paper shall try to assess the ethical consideration of research design basing on my opinion in safeguarding the estimation as well as opinions of the survey participants. A survey is a study concerning the uniqueness of a certain defined population through the gathering of information from a sample of people (Journal of glossary statistical terms, 2015).Thus; it is an unethical to disclose any information as well as opinion that a participant in a certain research discloses. In a research design, every participant is entitled to their views, and one should not be judged for stating what they feel like it’s true according to them. Every participant in a research design wants to be assured of their safety when responding to the design research questions. Therefore, in protecting these participants, it is always good to guarantee them that all the information given out will be kept in privacy. The participants will have to sign as well as commit their information with the relevant subject. Thus, this is because......

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Ethical Consideration Reflection

...Ethical Considerations Reflection Paper University of Phoenix EDU/ 315 Equality is what I consider to be the primary ethical consideration for teachers in a K-8 setting. In order for children to receive the same education the teacher will need to treat each student in the same manner. According to Dictionary.com Equality is “the state or quality of being equal; correspondence in quantity, degree, value, rank, or ability” (Dictionary.com, 2011). If a teacher refrains from following the Florida educational ethical standards (6B- 1. 006 section 3, subsection G), which states that a teacher “shall not harass or discriminate against any student on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, national or ethical origin, political beliefs, marital status, handicapping conditions, sexual orientation, or social and family background”, (Florida Department of Education, 2011) then the teacher will be written up and/ or terminated from their teaching position. Learning disabilities is one equal consideration teachers need to think about in their classroom. When a teacher treats a student with learning disabilities exactly as a student without learning disabilities it is unfair and discouraging to the disable student. Teachers should make accommodations for these students to equal the class work and expectations. Teachers can help all students in the class to understand and respect each individual no matter their learning disability by having library books read and......

Words: 373 - Pages: 2

Ethical and Legal Considerations Paper

...Ethical and Legal Considerations Paper The ethical considerations that I believe you need to consider is if the test is a fair test. For example, if you administer a test that only is going to let one type of person through you are limiting the position to the point where it could be unfair for the candidates and limits the possibilities of people you will get. Another ethical thing you need to consider is the information you are trying to receive. If you were to administer a personality test because the last person you had didn’t mesh well with your team that isn’t very ethical. There are several legal considerations that you must consider. First you need to decide if the test you are giving is valid for the position you are giving it for. For example, it is valid to give a basic math test to someone that is applying for a bank position, or a typing test to a person applying for a data entry position. However, it wouldn’t be valid to give a switch them up by giving the basic math test to the data entry person because math skills do not apply to data entry so to do this would be against the law. Another thing one must do is if you decide to test for something valid you must give the test to every applicant that has made it to this step in the application process. If you do not you open yourself to a lawsuit for discrimination. For example, if you are giving swim tests for a lifeguard position you cannot just test someone because you think that they looks like they......

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Ethical Considerations

...The Nursing Professional and Ethical Considerations for Using Web-Based Social Networking Sites The Nursing Professional and Ethical Considerations for Using Web-Based Social Networking Sites As nurses navigate web-based social networking sites there is a dangerously thin line between professional and personal online etiquette. Health care employees must maintain patient confidentiality and privacy at all times, as well as serve as a positive representation of their place of employment. Inappropriate use of social media often leads to disciplinary action; and in the most serious cases, can negatively affect a nurse’s career and license. A violation of patient confidentiality takes place as soon as a nurse shares information or even a small detail concerning a patient over the Internet. Examples include reflecting on the severity of a patient’s disabilities, or even commenting on the behavior of an Alzheimer’s patient. Healthcare Professionals must be diligent when it comes to using web-based social media sites. Anything that is posted on the internet is accessible to all and will stay in cyberspace even if the user deleted it off of their sites. Even with the strictest of privacy settings on their profile, it can still be seen by thousands even millions of people. So imagine that you post a picture on Facebook and you have 100 friends and those 100 friends share that post to their 100 friends and then they share that post with their friends. It could go on and......

Words: 524 - Pages: 3

Ethical Consideration

...year. If the expense in not billed then the ROI this year will be (30,800/140,000)= 22% but the expense is deducted from the operating income then the ROI becomes {(30,800-5,000)/140,000}= 18.42% which is less than the expected ROI (20%). 2.  Before year end, write down $3,000 in store inventory (nonperishable emergency flood supplies) to zero value because had not sold all year. This will decrease the investment by $3000 which will result in understated investment. So the ROI will become {30,800/(140,000-3,000)}= 22.5% instead of 18.32%. This will help Ryan to get bonus this year and increase the chance of getting more return on investment from stores next year. These actions are unethical in accordance to IMA’s Statement of Ethical Professional Practice. The reasons are stated below: This practice hampers the “Integrity” standard of the professional. The standard states that “ Abtain from engaging in or supporting any activity that might discredit the profession” and also “Credibility” which is ‘Communicate information fairly and objectively’. The scenerio also violates the standard of “Competence” which states that ‘Provide decisions support information and recommendations that are accurate, clear, concise and timely’ What sould Mary do in this situation are the followings: * Because Ryan is her supervisor and he is involved in the unethical conduct; she should inform this matter to higher authority. She should submit the issue to the management level. ......

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Ethical Considerations

...publication of The Jungle, a disgusted public offended at the thought of eating a line worker as part of their potted meat began to clamor for safer food and safer working conditions. Many years and many pieces of legislation later, if the statistics can be trusted, it would seem like the more things change in the meat packing industry the more they stay the same. During the 1970 creation of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), the meat and meat products industry received the dubious distinction of being designated as one of the five classifications with the highest injury rates (Sparks Companies, 1999). Now almost forty years later the industry is still considered one of the most dangerous. The Bureau of Labor Statistics notes that the meat and meat products industry had the nation’s highest industrial injury for the five consecutive years from 1980 to 1985 (U.S. Department of Labor, 1988). Much the same as it was in 1943 (Horowitz, 2008). It was into this arena that Human Rights Watch decided to step. On its website Human Rights Watch describes itself as an independent organization dedicated to protecting human rights by exposing violations and trying to end abuses (Human Rights Watch, N.D.). Their 2005 study of three American meat packing plants revealed what they claim to be unsafe working conditions; intimidation of union organizers; denial of worker’s compensation claims for on the job injuries; and the exploitation of worker’ immigrations status to......

Words: 1780 - Pages: 8