Premium Essay

Effects of Poverty and Government Policies in Nigeria on Students Performance

In: Other Topics

Submitted By woshboss
Words 1630
Pages 7
UEM. VOL. 3.2004

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT(IJEM)

VOLUME 3, 2004

ISSN: 079447684

Published by
Department of Educational Management, University of llorin, llorin

IJEM, VOL. 3, 2004

Table of Content
Page
Title Page.................................................................i
Copyright page..........................................................ii
Board of Editors........................................................iii
Notes to contributors.................................................iv
Notes on contributors...................................................v
Table of contents......................................................vii
Prof. (Mrs.) N.Y.S Ijaiya - Re-Engineering Educational Management for Quality Education in Kwara State, Nigeria....................................1
2. Prof. Bade A. Agboola -Current Issues in Educational management in Nigeria: The Challenges of Open and Distance Education………………………………………….........15
3. Dr. M.A. Ogunu - The Present Status of Expectancy Theory..............................................................................................31
4. Dr. (Mrs.) A,T. Alabi - Teacher Professionalism and Productivity:
Management Perspective...............................................................44
5. Dr. A.A. Olaoye-- Sociological Perspective to Managing School Curriculum and Resources............................................................54
6. Yahaya, Lasiele Alabi Ph.D - Relevance of Student- Assessment and Student- Advisement/ Counselling to Teaching........................77
7. Akinsolu, Abiodun Olatoun - HIV/AIDS Scourge Implications for Educational Planners in Nigeria.....................................................89
8. S.O. Afolabi - Lecturers' and Students' Perceptions on Influence of Supervision on Examination Malpractice in Kwara…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Investigating the Effect of Streaming on Performance of Students

...AN INVESTIGATION UNTO THE EFFECT OF STREAMING ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SLOW LEARNERS. This chapter is a reflection of what other researchers have come up with pertaining to the problem of streaming. It will help to gain understanding of the current state of knowledge about this problem. It will also help to stimulate and derive an initial list of pertinent questions to ask or behaviors to observe (Johnson and Christensen, 2012). Additionally it will show the originality and relevance of the research problem owing to the fact that, knowing what others have done makes researchers to be better prepared to understand with deeper insight, the problem under study (Leedey, 1985). One of the most controversial aspects of teaching is dealing with the many differences between students in the classroom (Reynolds, 2011), then (West and Muijs, 2009) observes that there is a need for personalization in order to offer education that is tailored to the learner, within systems responsive to learners’ needs rather than expecting the learner to adapt to the existing systems within the school. In order to address the differences in learning abilities teachers find themselves using the term streaming. There are a number of definitions of streaming. To begin with the Oxford English dictionary defines streaming as the policy of dividing school students into groups of the same level of ability. Daniel Muijs (2011), also defines streaming as a procedure where by students are segregated into......

Words: 1231 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The Effects of Parental Social-Economic Status on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students

...PARENTS’ SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE. CHAPTER ONE Background to the Study It is an undebatable fact that the home is the fulcrum around which the early years of a child revolves. The central figures are the parents. While child-bearing and child-rearing cannot be divorced one from the other, the type of child-rearing practiced in a family has a tremendous impact on the entire life of the child including his or her academic life. Generally, the social climate or environment in which an individual finds him or her self to a large extent determines his or her behaviour and personality development. Consequently, parental guidance and discipline usually influence the behaviour of the children and at the apex of this parental influence is the mother. According to Olayinka and Omoegun (2001), the word "family" has its origin in the Latin word which could be translated to mean "domestic group". A domestic group is a group of people who habitually share a common dwelling and common food supply. According to Murdoch (1965) family is a social group characterized by common residence, economic, cooperation and reproduction; it includes adults of both sexes, at least two of who maintains a socially approved sexual relationship and one more children, own or adopted by the sexually cohabiting adult. The family provides for the physical maintenance of the child, offers him his first and most continuing social contracts, and gives him affection and other......

Words: 8319 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Class Size and the Effect on Student Performance

...Class Size and the Effect on Student Performance La Tonya Flemings Alexander University of Phoenix Abstract There are many factors that have an influence on the educational process and effect student performance in the public school system. One factor of specific concern is the student-to-teacher ratio in the classroom. The premise is that teachers can coax each of the students, have one-on-one time, and easily identify student strengths and weaknesses. The increase of the population in the United States, the number of teachers, and effects of inclusive learning play a role in the number of students assigned to each classroom for instruction. Population increase has a negative effect on the public school system in every state across the United States. Budget cuts and teacher layoffs affect the ability of the administration to expand for the allowance of smaller class sizes. The goal of inclusive education is for students of different levels with disabilities to become an integral part of their perspective learning environment, but with an increase in the population, budget cuts, and teacher layoffs, the class sizes become larger degrading the educational process, and student performance suffers. Class Size and the Effect on Student Performance There are many factors that have an influence on the educational process and effect student performance in the public school system. One factor of specific concern is the student-to-teacher ratio in the classroom. The......

Words: 2706 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Students Academic Performance in Nigeria

...1990-3839 © 2011 Academic Journals Review The effects of poverty on academic achievement Misty Lacour1 and Laura D. Tissington2* 2 Southern Arkansas University, Magnolia, Arkansas, USA. th University of West Florida, 1732 N. 13 Avenue Pensacola, Florida 32503, USA. Accepted 12 May, 2011 Poverty, which forms a specific culture and way of life, is a growing issue in the United States. The number of Americans living in poverty is continually increasing. Poverty indicates the extent to which an individual does without resources. Resources can include financial, emotional, mental, spiritual, and physical resources as well as support systems, relationships, role models, and knowledge of hidden rules. Poverty directly affects academic achievement due to the lack of resources available for student success. Low achievement is closely correlated with lack of resources, and numerous studies have documented the correlation between low socioeconomic status and low achievement. Several strategies exist to assist teachers in closing the poverty achievement gap for students. Key words: Poverty, family income, achievement gap, academic gap. INTRODUCTION In the United States (US), the gaps in achievement among poor and advantaged students are substantial (Rowan et al., 2004). Through multiple studies, The U.S. Department of Education (2001: 8) has indicated results that “clearly demonstrated that student and school poverty adversely affected student achievement”. The U.S. Department of......

Words: 3421 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Effect of Broken Home on Student Academic Performance

...2011 Ozean Publication IMPACT OF FAMILY TYPE ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA AKOMOLAFE, M. JUDE*and OLORUNFEMI-OLABISI, F. ABIOLA. Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria *E-mail address for correspondence: judolak@yahoo.co.uk _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Abstract: This study investigated the impact of family type on secondary school students’ academic performance. Three hundred (Male = 156; Female = 144) senior secondary school students were randomly chosen as the sample of the study. Their age ranged between 13 years and 20.5 years with mean age of 14.7 years. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was adopted. The demographic questionnaire was used to collect respondents’ bio-data while their promotion examination results were used as a measure of academic performance. Three hypotheses were raised and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Analysis of Variance and t-test Analysis were used to analyse the data. The results showed that family type significantly influenced academic performance of secondary school students. On the bases of the findings, it is suggested that parents should be given adequate training on how best they can assist their children to attain maximum success irrespective of their family type. Key Words: Academic Achievement, Family Type, Students, Parents, Home influence.......

Words: 3016 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Economic Status of Parents, a Determinant on Academic Performance of Senior Secondary Schools Students in Ibadan, Nigeria

...Academic Performance of Senior Secondary Schools Students in Ibadan, Nigeria Osonwa, O.K1 Adejobi, A.O2 Iyam, M.A3 Osonwa, R.H4 ‘…‹‘Ž‘‰› ‡’ƒ”–‡– ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘ˆ ƒŽƒ„ƒ” ‹‰‡”‹ƒ †—…ƒ–‹‘ ‡’ƒ”–‡– ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘ˆ „ƒ†ƒ ‹‰‡”‹ƒ ‘…ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ †—…ƒ–‹‘ ‡’ƒ”–‡– ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘ˆ ƒŽƒ„ƒ” —‹†ƒ…‡ ƒ† ‘—•‡Ž‹‰ ‡’ƒ”–‡– ‹˜‡”•‹–› ‘ˆ Calabar. Doi: 10.5901/jesr.2013.v3n1p115 Abstract Š‹• ”‡•‡ƒ”…Š ™ƒ• …ƒ””‹‡† ‘—– –‘ ‡šƒ‹‡ ‹ˆ ‡…‘‘‹… •–ƒ–—• ‘ˆ ’ƒ”‡–• ‹• ƒ †‡–‡”‹ƒ– –‘ –Š‡ ƒ…ƒ†‡‹… ’‡”ˆ‘”ƒ…‡ ‘ˆ •‡‹‘” ‡…‘†ƒ”› •…Š‘‘Ž –—†‡–• ‹ „ƒ†ƒ ‹‰‡”‹ƒ Š‡ —‡•–‹‘ƒ‹”‡ ™ƒ• —•‡† ˆ‘r the …‘ŽŽ‡…–‹‘ ‘ˆ †ƒ–ƒ ƒ†‹‹•–‡”‡† –‘ ˆ‹˜‡ Š—†”‡† ƒ† –™‡Ž˜‡ •–—†‡–• •‡Ž‡…–‡† ”ƒ†‘Ž› ‹ –™‘ Ž‘…ƒŽ ‰‘˜‡”‡– ƒ”‡ƒ• Š›’‘–Š‡•‹• –Šƒ– –Š‡”‡ ‹• ‘ •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ– ”‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ „‡–™‡‡ ‡…‘‘‹… •–ƒ–—• ‘ˆ ’ƒ”‡–• and the academic performance of their ch‹Ž†”‡ ™ƒ• ˆ‘”—Žƒ–‡† Š‹• ™ƒ• –‡•–‡† —•‹‰ …‘””‡Žƒ–‹‘ ƒƒŽ›•‹• ƒ† –Š‡ ”‡•—Ž– •Š‘™• –Šƒ– –Š‡”‡ ‹• •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ– ”‡Žƒ–‹‘•Š‹’ „‡–™‡‡ ‡…‘‘‹… •–ƒ–—• ƒ† ƒ…ƒ†‡‹… ’‡”ˆ‘”ƒ…‡ ‘ˆ •–—†‡–• Š‘•‡ ˆ”‘ Ž‘™‡” ‹…‘‡ ‰”‘—’• •…‘”‡† •‹‰‹ˆ‹…ƒ–Ž› Ž‘™‡” –Šƒ …Š‹Ždren from higher income Š‘—•‡Š‘Ž†• – ‹• ”‡…‘‡†‡† –Šƒ– –Š‡ ‰‘˜‡”‡– …ƒ Š‡Ž’ –‘ ‡”ƒ•‡ –Š‹• ‹„ƒŽƒ…‡ „› •—„•‹†‹œ‹‰ –Š‡ ‡†—…ƒ–‹‘ƒŽ ‡š’‡•‡• ‘ˆ –Š‡ Ž‘™ ‹…‘‡ ‰”‘—’ Key Words: …‘‘‹… –ƒ–—• Ž‘™ ‹…‘‡ ƒ† ƒ…ƒ†‡‹… ’‡”ˆ‘”ƒ…‡ 1. Introduction Academic performance (most especially of senior secondary school students) has been largely associated with many factors. Most students in senior secondary schools in......

Words: 4519 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Effect of Broken Home on Student Academic Performances

...investigating the effect of students socio-economic/family background on students academic performance in tertiary institutions using decision tree algorithms A. B. Adeyemo (Ph.D)1 and S. O. Kuyoro (M.Sc.)2 Department of Computer Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Abstract The causes of the difference in the academic performance of students in tertiary institutions has for a long time been the focus of study among higher education managers, parents, government and researchers. The cause of this differential can be due to intellective, non-intellective factors or both. From studies investigating student performance and related problems it has been determined that academic success is dependent on many factors such as; grades and achievements, personality and expectations, and academic environments. This work uses data mining techniques to investigate the effect of socio-economic or family background on the performance of students using the data from one of the Nigerian tertiary institutions as case study. The analysis was carried out using Decision Tree algorithms. The data comprised of two hundred forty (240) records of students. The academic performance of students was measured by the students’ first year cumulative grade point average (CGPA). Various Decision Tree algorithms were investigated and the algorithm which best models the data was used to generate rule sets which can be used to analyze the effect of the socio-economic background of students on their......

Words: 5499 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Effects of Bullying in Academic Performance of a Student

...choose the sophomores students (grade 8) because they have concluded that grade 8 students have enough maturity and they are in the stage where changes in their mind and body occur. The questionnaires include essays, to find out, how the respondents think, how can they help in creating peaceful and harmonious schools. The Researchers also observed the effects of bullies in the performance of particular students. Descriptive Research fits the research topic which is bullying because it is described , interpreted and analyzed. Abstract The study was conducted to know the effects of bullying in the student’s academic performance and personal growth and development. The study was limited only to Grade 8 High School Student of College of the Immaculate Conception because the researchers believe that these sophomore student ( grade 8 students ) are in the development stage of their life where their mind and body changes. This means that they are the perfect respondents because the researchers want to assessed the effects of bullying in the academic performance and in the Personal growth and development of the students. The effects of bullying assessed are the common effects of bullying that greatly affects the student in their academics and their growth and development. Thus through using a particular research method, the researchers were able to find out that those students who are being bullied have negative effects in their performance in school and their......

Words: 1264 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Effect of Broken Home on Student Academic Performances

...Effect of Broken Home on Student Academic Performances investigating the effect of students socio-economic/family background on students academic performance in tertiary institutions using decision tree algorithms A. B. Adeyemo (Ph.D)1 and S. O. Kuyoro (M.Sc.)2 Department of Computer Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Abstract The causes of the difference in the academic performance of students in tertiary institutions has for a long time been the focus of study among higher education managers, parents, government and researchers. The cause of this differential can be due to intellective, non-intellective factors or both. From studies investigating student performance and related problems it has been determined that academic success is dependent on many factors such as; grades and achievements, personality and expectations, and academic environments. This work uses data mining techniques to investigate the effect of socio-economic or family background on the performance of students using the data from one of the Nigerian tertiary institutions as case study. The analysis was carried out using Decision Tree algorithms. The data comprised of two hundred forty (240) records of students. The academic performance of students was measured by the students’ first year cumulative grade point average (CGPA). Various Decision Tree algorithms were investigated and the algorithm which best models the data was used to generate rule sets which can be used to analyze the effect...

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Effects of Study Habit on the Academic Performance of Students

... THE EFFECT OF STUDY HABIT ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PARFORMANCE: A CASE STUDY OF LAPAI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NIGER STATE. BY POPO-OLA OLAYINKA RUTH U11/FEA/ACE/028 DEPARTMENT OF CONTINUING EDUCATION AND COMMINITY DEVELOPMENT FACULTY OF EDUCATION AND ART IBRAHIM BADAMASI BABAGIDA UNVERSITY LAPAI, NIGER SATE. AUGUST, 2015 TABLE OF CONTEN Title page…………………………………………………………………………………………i Approval…………………………………………………………………………………….ii Dedication…………………………………………………………………………………..iii Acknowledgment……………………………………………………………………………iv Table of content ………………………………………………………………………….….v Abstract………………………………………………………………………………..……..ix CHAPTER One 1.0 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………1 2.1 Background of the study…………………………………………………………………… 1 2.2 Statement of the study……………………………………………………………………… 3 2.3 Objective of the study…………………………………………………………………….....4 2.4 Research questions…………………………………………………………………………. 4 2.5 Hypothesis………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 2.6 Significant of the study…………………………………………………………………….. 5 2.7 Scope and limitation of the study………………………………………………………….. 6 2.8 Operational definition of term…………………………………………………………....... 6 2.9 Methodology………………………………………………………………………………..7 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACK GROUND OF THE STUDY In all educational institutions, the whole teaching learning process is directed towards achievement in the academic field as well as in the sphere of curricular activities...

Words: 3314 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

The Impact of Food and Nutrition on Students’ Academic Performance in Chemistry in Nigeria

...Nutrition on Students’ Academic Performance in Chemistry in Nigeria THE IMPACT OF FOOD AND NUTRITION ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN CHEMISTRY IN NIGERIA OGUNBOYEDE Michael Olu Department of Educational Foundations and Counselling Adeyemi College of Education E-mail: mikeboyede@yahoo.com IDOWU Funmilayo Taiwo Department of Chemistry Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo State, Nigeria ABSTRACT The Millennium Development Goal No.1 in Nigeria says that “Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger away from Nigeria between, 1990 and 2015”. Hence, in the light of the above goal, this paper investigated the present influence of students’ feeding habits on their academic achievement in Chemistry in Nigeria. The study employed a survey research design and the sample for the study consisted of 3,000 students selected from ten States in Nigeria through multistage sampling technique. Data were collected through the use of a self-developed instrument titled “Students’ Feeding Habits Scale” (SFHS) and a proforma which was used to retrieve the academic performance of the selected students from records. Four hypotheses were generated for the study and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study revealed poor feeding as one of the major factors responsible for poor students’ academic performance at school. The paper therefore, confirms that poverty and hunger is still the order of the day in Nigeria. The paper concluded with strong recommendation for the government to urgently......

Words: 3427 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Factors Affecting Academic Performance of Students in Nigeria

...AFFECTING NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE By Dr. Olaniyi Bojuwoye ABSTRACT A ten-item questionnaire containing various descriptions of school-related characteristic which have been found to adversely affect pupils academic performance was administered on 809 teachers and 1012 students of secondary schools from ten randomly selected states in Nigeria. The respondents ranked the characteristics in terms of their degree of effect on pupil academic performance. The result showed that lack of resource materials for teaching, instructional strategies, teacher shortages and teachers’ attitude to work were rated more highly than other characteristics. The result further showed that while the teachers considered lack of resource materials for teaching as having the greatest degree of effect on pupils academic performance, the students on the other hand considered poor instructional strategies as having the greatest degree of effect on pupil academic performance. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND LITERATURE On attaining Independence status as a nation in 1960 what seemed a major concern to most Nigerian leaders then was how education would be accessible to all citizens of the newly created nation. Education was seen as the necessary instrument immediately and essentially for the consolidation of the independence, for securing the new nation against neocolonianism and for making workable the newly established self government in a multi-ethnic society. Mass education,......

Words: 4789 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

The Effect of Gadgets on Student Performance

...Social issues are those which affect the human society as a whole. These issues are pertaining human behavior, including government policies, religious conflicts, gender inequalities, economic disparities, etc. List of Social Issues in Today's Society Alcoholism Food and Drug Safety Tax Reform Church-State Separation Global Warming Birth Control Abortion Suicide Drug Abuse Capital Punishment Misuse of social networking Animal and environment abuse Homophobia Poverty Women's Rights Religion-based Discrimination World population Organ & body donation Human Rights Violations Environmental Pollution Children's Rights Corporate Downsizing Defense Spending and Preparedness Euthanasia & assisted suicide Eating Disorders Unemployment Homelessness Racial profiling Welfare Recycling and Conservation HIV/AIDS Civil Rights Genetic Engineering Consumer Debt and Bankruptcy Obesity Terrorism Judicial Reform Censorship Violence Academic Freedom Gun Control Gender issues Environmental issues Single Parenting Child Labor Immigration Tobacco Nuclear Proliferation Ageism Stress Cancer Prostitution Gay Marriages Education Health Care Reform Embryonic Stem Cell Research Affirmative Action Revelations about Social Issues in Today's Society Health Issues Health issues, which arise due to the increase in number of people detected with life-threatening diseases like cancer and AIDS every year. This social issue can be handled......

Words: 449 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Effects of Social Network on Students Performance

...September 2003 EFFECTS OF SOCIAL NETWORK ON STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE: A WEB-BASED FORUM STUDY IN TAIWAN Heng-Li Yang Professor Department of Management Information Systems National Cheng-Chi University 64 Section 2, Chihnan Road, Mucha Dist., 116, Taipei, Taiwan Phone: 886-2-29387651 Fax: 886-2-29393754 yanh@mis.nccu.edu.tw Jih-Hsin Tang Phd Candidate Department of Management Information Systems National Cheng-Chi University Faculty of Management Information Systems Tak Ming College 56 Section 1, Huan-Shan Rd., Taipei, Taiwan Phone: 886-2-26585801 jefftang@mail.mis.takming.edu.tw ABSTRACT This research investigates the effects of social networks on students’ performance in online education which uses networking as an adjunct mode for enhancing traditional face-to-face education or distance education. Using data from a 40-student course on Advanced Management Information Systems (AMIS), we empirically tested how social networks (friendly, advising, and adversarial) related to students’ performance. First, advising network variables are positively related to student performance both in the class and on the forum. Adversarial variables are negatively correlated with almost all students’ performance. Second, advising and adversarial network variables are good determinants for overall academic performance; however, adversarial network variables are not influential on students’ performance on the forum. Friendship network variables are not determinants of students’......

Words: 3762 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Factors Influencing Students Academic Performance in Nigeria

...Factors Influencing Students Academic Performance in Nigeria Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Students Academic Performance in Nigeria Some Explanation from a Local Survey Nigeria like any other developing nations has witnessed series of political instability, with obvious effects on educational policies at federal, state and local government levels. This gradually laid the foundation of fallen standard in education at the primary and secondary school levels, which caused differential academic performance of students. In the quest of finding survival feet, the nation has evolved series of socio-economic and educational measures but these have not improved the social-economic status of families in the country. It is within this milieu that this study examines socio-economic factors influencing students' academic performance in Nigeria, with some explanations from Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State. The time frame of the study covers the period of 2004 to 2007. A total of one hundred and twenty (120) copies of questionnaire were administered to respondents. The study revealed that insufficient parental income, family type and lack of funding by governments are factors influencing students' academic performance. Based on these findings, certain recommendations are made towards improving student academic performance. Prominent of these include proper funding of education by government, sensitization of parents towards their children education and the support of NGOs to......

Words: 579 - Pages: 3