Cycle de Doha

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Fino006
Words 1069
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Les cycles de négociations

Les cycles de négociation ou round sont des périodes pendant lesquelles les pays membres de l’OMC discutent sur la création de nouveaux accords sur le commerce. Les deux plus connus sont le cycle d’Uruguay et le cycle de Doha. Le premier a créé l’OMC et le second est le plus récent est surtout c’est le premier à c’être solder d’un échec.

Le cycle d’Uruguay

C’est le plus important des cycles. Se déroulant de 1986 à 1994, il aboutit Aux accords de Marrakech en avril 1994 et finalement la création de l’OMC. Ce cycle a notamment institué le GATS et le l’ADPIC. Le cycle d'Uruguay est la plus importante négociation internationale de l'histoire. Il a abordé les domaines suivants :
Télécommunications de base, services financiers, agriculture et services.

Le cycle de Doha

C’est le dernier cycle, celui-ci c’est soldé par un échec car les grandes puissances ne sont pas arrivées à se mettre d’accord. Ce cycle portait sur les pays en développement. Il devait permettre l’accès des produits agricoles des pays en développement sur les marchés des pays riches et une baisse significative des douanes sur l’agriculture. Mais face au désaccord permanent entre les différentes parties, le directeur général de l’OMC, Pascal Lamy, a officiellement suspendus les discussions en 2006. Il se sera déroulé de 2001 à 2006. Avec la crise de 2008, et le sommet de Pittsburgh, le cycle devrait se conclure courant 2010 ou 2011.
En detail,
Le cycle de Doha a été entravé jusqu’ici par une alternance frustrante d’avancées et de reculs. Le monde aurait pourtant beaucoup à gagner à une issue favorable des négociations en cours, surtout si l’on en croit l’estimation selon laquelle des gains de la libéralisation du commerce qui s’ensuivrait pourraient atteindre 500 milliards de dollars. Mais il sera difficile de déboucher sur des résultats significatifs : les partisans résolus…...

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