Constructing Gender and Sexuality

In: Social Issues

Submitted By NowandAgain
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Constructing Gender And Sexuality
Chapter Study Objectives
What Is Sex? What Is Gender?
• Compare and contrast the concepts of sex and gender.
==> Sex is a distinct category that someone belongs to male or female. Gender is not only the physical but also the behavioral personality traits that a group considers normal for its members.
Essentialist and Constructionist Approaches to Gender Identity
• Compare and contrast the essentialist and constructionist approaches to gender identity.
==> The essentialists believes that there can only be two categories, male or female, there is no exception. However constructionists believe that gender isn’t a dichotomy and that there can be more than two categories, and different ways for explaining them. Essentialists typically reside outside of sociology, usually in medicine, theology, and biology. Constructionists are typically mainstream sociologists.
Gender Inequality
• Explain the possible origins of gender inequality according to the text.
==> Back in the day when men had to go out and procure food, they needed to be bigger and stronger. They were needed for this vital role. Women were built to be nurturing so they could stay back with their offspring and keep them safe while the men hunted. The two rules were crucial for survival.
• Compare and contrast functionalist theory and conflict theory in their approaches to explaining gender inequality.
==> Functionalists theory says that sex determines which roles men and women are best suited to; it’s more appropriate for men to play the instrumental role and for women to play the expressive role.
==> Conflict theory says because of the traditional division of labor in families, males have had more access to resources and privileges and have sought to maintain their dominance.
• Explain the interactionist approach to understanding the concept of gender.
==>…...

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