Clinical Assignment

In: Science

Submitted By dwilknson2267
Words 1730
Pages 7
Danielle Wilkinson
Alternate Clinical Assignment
01/27/2014
Case Study #1
Episode I

1. List five common environmental triggers for asthma and give at least one specific example for each.

Five common environmental triggers for asthma are exercise, allergens, odors, weather, and food. Exercise induced asthma is common in young children and adolescents. The airways in the lungs become narrowed during strenuous exercise. There are many different types of allergens that induce asthma like dust mites, pollen from tress, mold, and pet dander. Odors that can trigger asthma are cigarette smoke, some kinds of perfume, cleaning products, and smoke from burning wood. Weather can trigger asthma by a sudden change in temperature, extreme hot or cold temperatures, and humidity. Foods may also trigger asthma in some by eggs, milk, peanuts, wheat, and soy.

2. Describe the impact of asthma (e.g., morbidity, mortality, economic impact, groups disproportionately affected) on the U.S. population.

Asthma affects approximately 16 million Americans, with 2million emergency department visits, and 4,000 deaths a year. Low socioeconomic status impacts Americans with asthma because they may not be able to afford the medication that is prescribed.
The more persistent asthma is to an individual, the more damaging occurs in the lungs. The airways begin to undergo remodeling which includes persistent changes in airway structure. The airways begin to become narrower because the epithelial layer thickens. This results in decreased airway elasticity and decreased lung function.

3. What is the mechanism of action of albuterol? What is the mechanism of action of fluticasone? Which one is commonly used to treat serious asthma symptoms? Which one is typically used to prevent serious asthma symptoms?

Albuterol acts by binding to beta 2-adrenergic receptors in airway…...

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