Classical Viewpoint

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Jessicaandrea
Words 468
Pages 2
Classical Viewpoint

Jessica Faucette

MGT/521

September 21, 2015 Diane

Classical Viewpoint

The viewpoint that will be discussed in this paper is referred to as the classical viewpoint. The classical viewpoint originated during the early 1900s and places emphasizes on finding ways to manage work more effectively and efficiently (Kinicki & Williams, 2015). This viewpoint includes two different branches, which were called scientific management and administrative management, each approach was associated with a few different pioneering theorists. The general idea of classical management concludes that people are rational, which helped develop a road map to becoming a better manager.
Scientific Management As mentioned by Kinicki & Williams (2015) scientific management is one of the branches that make up the classical viewpoint and places a large amount of importance on the scientific study and work methods of how to enhance and improve productivity in individuals working life (Kinicki & Williams, 2015). Fredrick Taylor was one of the pioneering theorist, and a American engineer who believed he could remove the act of “underachieving” or “loafing”, by applying four principles of science: (1) Evaluate a task by scientifically studying each part of the task. (2) Carefully select workers with the right abilities for the tasks. (3) Give workers the training and incentives work methods. (4) Use scientific principles to plan the work methods and ease the way for worker to do their job (Kinicki & Williams, 2015).
Administrative Management Administrative management is the second branch that makes up the classical viewpoint. According to Kinicki & Williams (2015), scientific management focuses on the work of the…...

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