Classical and Operant Conditioning

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jojolen64
Words 816
Pages 4
Classical and Operant Conditioning
Barbara Moyer
Psy/300
Lori Eyres
05/11/15

Classical conditioning occurs when one learns to associate two different stimuli. Operant conditioning is when a response occurs when one responds to what is presented in their environment and learns from the consequences of actions. The distinction between classical and operant conditioning is with classical there is an association between stimuli and responses. It is based on involuntary reflexive behaviors. With operant, it conditions behavior through reinforcement. It is based on voluntary behavior (p.136). Phobias can be developed through classical conditioning. Phobias are defined as irrational fears and one could come to an understanding of why they may be scared of certain things. If a person has a fear of spiders and encounters one, there may not be anything scary or dangerous about the spider itself as only a small number of spiders are poisonous and really huge ones are usually found in jungles. The fear of the spider may have come from an unfounded fear. For example, as a child the person may have seen a movie about giant dangerous spiders and it scared them. As inaccurate of a depiction as it was, they would still associate spiders with danger whether the spider is dangerous or not. This is how classical conditioning can lead to a phobia. It is said that most common phobias are developed around the age of 10. As well as being triggered by life events, phobias can be influenced by culture and parenting style. Addictions can occur through operant conditioning because this type of learning occurs due to the cause and effect relationship between a behavior and its consequences. If a substance or activity is initially pleasurable or enjoyable, this is when it becomes addictive. Addiction is a learned behavior because the initial pleasure or enjoyment was…...

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