Centralia No. 5

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rkcarney
Words 1257
Pages 6
Assignment # 1
Centralia No. 5
Strayer University
Modern Public Administration PAD 500
Professor: Dr.
July 22,2013

I found this case study to be very interesting, especially following the recent fatal building collapse in Philadelphia. From February 7, 1942 to the deaths of 111 miners on March 25, 1947, Centralia Number 5 was a disaster waiting to happen. So many things could have been done that were not. Scanlan's first report on February 7, 1942 was a premonition of the disaster to come. Scanlan as an inspector should have and could have done more to prevent this tragedy. Unnecessary life was lost.
I whole hearty think that someone in an authority position could have stopped this disaster. One of these people was Driscoll O. Scanlan, a mining inspector for the State of Illinois. Even though Scanlan did document the appalling mining conditions nothing of significance was done. There were several points along this path of misfortune where someone could have done something to prevent this tragedy. Despite the fact he held meetings with personnel like representatives from the union and state officials, there was so much more that he should have done. As a public administrator Scanlan could have employed the following alternative strategies.
Scanlan had inspected several mines during his tenure. He proclaimed Centralia Number 5 was the most dangerous mine he has ever inspected. As a public administrator, this should have been an indication that something was wrong here. Scanlan submitted reports to the Illinois’s Department of Mines and Minerals trying to alert them of the mines horrific conditions. However these reports were always treated as routine never elevated to the next level. The findings were returned to Centralia, but there were no follow-ups to see if they implemented the recommendations from Scanlan. At this point, he…...

Similar Documents

The Blast in Centralia

...study by Martin, The Blast in Centralia No. 5, in Stillman, PA, Chapter 1, write a 3-4  page paper in which you: 1. Identify and explain four (4) logistical alternatives Scanlan could have addressed. 2. Analyze and discuss Scanlan’s motivation toward the Constitution (the law), bureaucracy (as a public administrator responsible to the public), and obligation. 3. Take a position on two (2) possible paths of action for Scanlan and defend your choices. 4. Research and cite at least four (4) peer-reviewed academic sources. Your assignment must: 1. Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. 2. Include a cover page containing the tile of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: 3. Analyze the changing nature and responsibilities for managing public and nonprofit organizations. 4. Use technology and information resources to research issues in modern public administration. 5. Write clearly and concisely about modern public administration using proper writing mechanics. Centralia Mine No. 5 exploded on March 25,......

Words: 535 - Pages: 3

The Blast of Centralia No 5

...The Blast in Centralia No.5 highlights multiple failures in Public Administration, on March 25, 1947; a deadly coal mine explosion rocked the calm, peaceful town of Centralia, IL. During World War II, this mine provided coal to the war effort. A charge ignited built-up coal dust and caused the explosion. This explosion should have come to a surprise, many public sector safety professionals from state and federal agencies knew of the hazards as a result of inspections, union complaints and letters to state officials. The same safety professionals had notified various officials of mine safety agencies and the mine company of the hazards on more than one occasion. Officers of the mine’s union had also pressed for the hazards to be corrected. Failure to take action to stop the hazards resulted in the loss of 111 hard-working men who had spent much of their lives mining coal. Four Logistical alternatives Scanlan could have addressed are corruption, communication, time and responsibility. Inspector Scanlan worked during a period where corruption was as the norm. People in position of leadership in government were easily bought by business trying to push their agenda. The mine owners made friends in the government by putting money in the pockets of those in leadership positions. Some inspector’s would even party with the mine owners. Inspector Scanlan also experienced difficulties with communicating with those who were in a position to regulate the mining industry. Inspector......

Words: 938 - Pages: 4

Centralia Explosion No.5

...Based on the case study by Martin, The Blast in Centralia No. 5, in Stillman, PA, Chapter 1, write a 3-4 page paper in which you: 1. Identify and explain four (4) logistical alternatives Scanlan could have addressed. * Scanlan reported those findings of a possible explosion to other professionals but all failed to follow safety procedures and allowed the men to continue with the job. Instead of listening to Robert Medill the director of the Illinois Department of Mines and Minerals, Scanlan should have directly reported his findings to the Governor of Illinois, the U.S. Bureau of Mines, and the State Mine Board to ensure safety measures and further investigations were established. * Also, Scanlan had the power to shut down the mining operation but chose to be bullied by Robert Medill. The coal mine should have been closed down until every safety hazard was properly handled. (Garvey, G., 1997) Scanlan was granted the power to have the coal mine closed down. He should have used his authority to make sure the coal mine was safe and secure for its workers. * Scanlan also could have encouraged the miners to construct a peaceful protest to improve their work conditions. (Garvey, G., 1997) If the workers would refuse to come to work because of the threat on their lives due to the harsh work conditions, authority would have no other choice but to fix the problems in order to get the miners to come back to work. * Although scanlan order the miner to work four days...

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

The Blast in Centralia

...Esmeralda Schuetze PPAM 6301 Goodsell, Charles T., The Case For Bureaucracy A Public Administration Polemic. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2004 September 2008 Curriculum Vitae (summary)/ Authors Facebook The Case for Bureaucracy A Public Administration Polemic Charles Goodwin most recently has served as a professor at Center of Public Administration Policy, College of Architecture and has also served as a professor and director at other institutions. He was born in July, 1932 at Kalamazoo, Michigan and is happily married with two grown daughters and currently resides in Virginia. Under his belt he has many publications and has published several books that link to public administration and civic engagement. Some of those books published include the one noted above and The American Statehouse, Public Administration Illuminated and Inspired by the Arts, The Social Meaning of Civic Space, Planning a council Chamber, The Public and Encounter, and others. The most successful publication has been The Case for Bureaucracy as he makes his case that American Bureaucracy is in fact effective and good. He challenges the perception that public administration is not effective and is just wasteful and out of touch and makes a validated defense against those that think the contrary. His work has inspired hope as this piece is different from the norm. It is a great inspiring book that......

Words: 1502 - Pages: 7

Physioex Activity 5 of Exercise 5

...Exercise 5: Cardiovascular Dynamics: Activity 5: Studying the Effect of Blood Vessel Radius on Pump Activity Lab Report Pre-lab Quiz Results You scored 80% by answering 4 out of 5 questions correctly. 1. The heart is resting during You correctly answered: c. ventricular diastole. 2. The right side of the heart pumps blood You correctly answered: d. to the lungs. 3. The layer of the blood vessel that is stimulated by the autonomic nervous system is You correctly answered: b. smooth muscle. 4. In the experiment, the pump simulates Your answer : d. the left atrium of the heart. Correct answer: b. the left ventricle of the heart. 5. If the right beaker simulates the flow of blood to the systemic circuit of the body, what do the right valve and flow tube represent? You correctly answered: d. aortic valve and aorta 06/14/13 page 1 Experiment Results Predict Question: Predict Question: If you increase the flow tube radius, what will happen to the pump rate to maintain constant pressure? Your answer : a. The pump rate will increase. Stop & Think Questions: When the piston of the pump reaches its lowest point, the volume remaining in the pump is the You correctly answered: b. end systolic volume. If you increase the right flow tube radius, what will happen to resistance and flow rate? You correctly answered: b. Flow rate will increase and resistance will decrease. If the left flow tube represents the pulmonary veins, what does the left source beaker represent? You correctly......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Centralia Mines

...THE BLAST IN CENTRALIA NO. 5 (Assignment #1) By Kareen Tompkins; July 2013 Class: PAD 500 (STRAYER UNIVERSITY) (MODERN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION) Dr. Shelley Taylor In 1947, One hundred eleven men were killed in an explosion that took place at the Centralia No. 5 mines located in the state of Illinois. The explosion was caused by highly explosive coal dust that was ignited by an explosive charge. During that time, Driscoll Scanlan was one of l6 Illinois state mine inspectors, appointed by Governor Green. He was given the responsibility of policing the mines as well as the operators. Additionally, it was his duty to make sure that the company was in compliance with state mining laws and followed all safety regulations. Mr. Scanlan had a reputation of being stubborn, righteous; was considered to have fierce integrity and took his job very seriously. He considered the Centralia No. 5 Mine to be the worst in his district. He reported numerous safety code violations, both minor and major and made several recommendations to assist the company with solving the problem. Mr. Scanlan did report this problem to Robert Medill, Illinois Director of the Department of mines and minerals. At the time, believing he could get the company to clean up the mine, he informed the Director that he talked the officers of the local union out of bringing charges against the mine manager, Mr. Brown and not have his certificate canceled. Mr. Scanlan should have let the union continue...

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

The Centralia Mines

...The Centralia Mine No. Disaster The Centralia Coal Mine located in Centralia, Illinois became the site of one of the worst disasters in history. March 25, 1947 at a proximally 3:26 p.m. there was an explosion that became noticeable to the assistant mining superintendent when the fan circuit to the mine blew in the power plant in which he was located. Following protocol he alerted the district inspector and the main office called the state, who Intel communicated with other rescue agencies for help. Being one of the of the mines that provided coal for the war it would seem to appear that there could have been political involvement as to the ignoring of the safety warnings given by Mr. Scanlan. Though Mr. Scanlan was appointed by then Governor Green, and hired by Robert Medill the director of the Illinois Department of Mines and Minerals. Scanlan growing up working the mines came highly recommended. Being appointed to the territory that covers Centralia 5, upon first inspection Mr. Scanlan recommended that the mine be closed, as to repair violation and make the mines a bit more safe. Mr. Scanlan sent these reports to the head office of Mines and Bell and Zoller Coal Mine Company. This continued for five years of having his reports ignored. Was the excuse that before Scanlan was hired the mine had a passing record? But if one examined the length of time that this mine had been work the buildup on the roads should have been an acknowlgement of the conditions. After his......

Words: 1462 - Pages: 6

Byp 5-5

...BYP 5-5 BYP 5-5 COMMUNICATION ACTIVITY | | (a), (b) President Surfing USA Co. Dear Sir: As you know, the financial statements for Surfing USA Co. are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. One of these principles is the revenue recognition principle, which provides that revenues should be recognized when they are earned. Typically, sales revenues are earned when the goods are transferred to the buyer from the seller. At this point, the sales transaction is completed and the sales price is established. Thus, in the typical situation, revenue on the surfboard ordered by Flutie is earned at event No. 8, when Flutie picks up the surfboard. The circumstances pertaining to this sale may seem to you to be atypical because Flutie has ordered a specific kind of surfboard. From an accounting standpoint, this would be true only if you could not reasonably expect to sell this surfboard to another customer. In such case, it would be proper under generally accepted accounting principles to recognize sales revenue when you have completed the surfboard for Flutie. Whether Flutie makes a down payment with the purchase order is irrelevant in recognizing sales revenue because at this time, you have not done anything to earn the revenue. A down payment may be an indication of Flutie’s “good faith.” However, its effect on your financial statements is limited entirely to recognizing the down payment as unearned revenue. If you have further......

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

5 Steps to a 5

...Gregory 1 AP English 7/29/15 A. The author states in the first sentence that he hopes the passage will be useful and instructive. C. The first two sentences appeal to the reader in order to get an emotional response, pathos. 3. A. The author does not use this term in the section where he talks about his illness. 4. A. Decent drapery is a metaphor for hiding his scars and ulcers. 5. E. The author was explaining the English characteristics and how the worst thing to do to an English person is to identify their scars from life. 6. B. The author wondered if it was decent of him to publish his writing. 7. B. Instinct is used to describe why guilt and misery shrink. Instinct is the cause of the effect of guilt and misery. 8. A. The previous line stated infirmity and misery which implied guilt. 9. B. The author struggled with opium, explains what made him enjoy the drug. This shows his mixed feelings about opium. 10. B. The author seems to be telling the entire story without withholding information. He also noted he was not sure if he should release this to the public. Gregory 2 11. E. Enumeration was used in the sentence with a list of all the tasks done by the slaves. In the sentence that describes a representative that is proud about his election to a slave’s election to do errands at the Great House Farm which is an analogy. Parallelism is used in the phrase “the highest joy and the deepest sadness.” “Into all of their songs they......

Words: 1336 - Pages: 6

Case 5

...Textbook Assignment: 4-15, 4-17, 5-34-&5-35 Mayra Flores ACC/497 March 10, 2016 Donald Autrey 4-15 Identify five other ways in which the Private Securities Reform Act of 1995 will potentially change auditors’ legal liability. Explain how each is of potential benefit to the auditor 1. If the auditor thinks he/she found illegal acts by management, they are require reporting it to someone in higher position other than management. Those people will need to report it to SEC within 24 hours of the notification. The Reform act clearly says the auditor will not be held accountable for any actions against the company. 2. The Reform Act makes the accuser responsible for a good portion of legal fee the defendants is charge with. 3. The Reform Act also helped auditors with limiting lawsuits. Not everyone can sue them. 4. 5. 4-17 a. Identify how the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 changed the audit environment for auditors. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act has change the audit environment because auditors use to have certain strategies and are no longer accepted. Now, they focused on both testing controls and internal control. They also have to work with management and gives them feedback on control and internal criteria. b. Identify and explain new liabilities for managements of public companies created by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Managers now have to take responsibility for many different things. This means they are responsible for......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Centriala Case No 5

...Assignment 1: Week 3 Centralia No. 5 PAD 500 Modern Public Administration Presented to Dr. Mark Pantaleo By Anthony McKenzie April 22, 2012 Driscoll O Scanlon was highly recommended by a state delegate to Dwight Green the governor of Illinois. The governor had promoted him to the position of mine inspector for district No.5 Driscoll Scanlon had started working for Centralia Oil Company, since the age of 16 at one of the mines closet to where he lived. Scanlon attended school at night, to get his degree in engineering, and worked for the Centralia Oil Company for 13 consecutive years as a mining inspector (Stillman, 2010). The Centralia coal mine explosion was an incident, that shouldn’t have transpired in the first place. This didn’t occur overnight, it was some years prior before the explosion had happened. Both Scanlon and other inspectors were sending negative reports about the condition of this mine. As a result, these reports were being disregarded. By both state and federal agencies that were responsible for taking care of these mines. They were forewarned before the Centralia coal mine explosion that had transpired on March 25, 1947 (Fledge, 2009), as a person assigned to the position of an inspector, some of Scanlon’s duties include the following: He is responsible for recommending to officials and workmen about different alternatives in regards to safety in all different stages; He is also in charge......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6

Centralia No. 5

...Centralia No. 5 Dapheny Wells Dr. Angelique Goliday Modern Public Administration April 20, 2012 Centralia No. 5 March 25, 1947 is the date that marks a very significant incident in the state of Illinois . It was a devastating day for Centralia . (Stillman, 2010) 111 Coal miners woke up to attend their job at the coal mine just as any usual day. (Stillman, 2010) They had no idea they would never return home to their families. March 25, 1947 is the day 111 coal miners were killed during their routine daily duties at the Centralia Coal Mine. (Stillman, 2010) A massive explosion changed the city of Centralia forever. The cause of the massive explosion is due to a build up of coal dust. (Stillman, 2010) The explosion was 100% preventable if necessary actions were taken into affect. The conditions of the coal mine was deadly. There were reports of miners coughing up clumps of coal dust. There were also reports that cakes of coal dust were plastered to the walls of the mines. (Stillman, 2010) Identify and Explain Four Logistical Alternatives Scanlan Could Have Addressed. Governor Dwight Green appointed both Robert Medill and Driscoll Scanlan in the same year. Scanlan was recommended to Green by his state representative. There were several reports from Scanlan that the Centralia Mine No. 5 as highly explosive. ( U.S. Mine Rescue Association, 2012) The reason the mine was highly explosive is because of the coal dust buildup. Two year......

Words: 1717 - Pages: 7

Centralia Pad 500

...I. Identify and explain four (4) logistical alternatives Scanlan could have addressed. The Centralia, Illinois 1947 disaster changed the way safety procedures, laws and regulations were enforced. According to Fanning, F. (2007) “many public sector safety professionals from state and federal agencies knew of the hazards as a result of inspections, union complaints and letters to state officials” (www.usmra.com/repository/best-of-the-best_newsletter_article). At the time Scanlan, the inspector of the district concluded on the numerous hazards surrounding the mine. Scanlan reported those findings of a possible explosion to other professionals but all failed to follow safety procedures and allowed the men to continue with the job. Instead of listening to Robert Medill the director of the Illinois Department of Mines and Minerals, Scanlan should have directly reported his findings to the Governor of Illinois, the U.S. Bureau of Mines, and the State Mine Board to ensure safety measures and further investigations were established (www.usmra.com/repository/best-of-the-best_newsletter_article). Also, Scanlan had the power to shut down the mining operation but chose to be bullied by Robert Medill. All inspectors and professionals handling the case were aware of coal dust buildup and the necessity to clean it to prevent any explosions (www.usmra.com/repository/best-of-the-best_newsletter_article). II. Analyze and discuss Scanlan’s motivation toward the Constitution (the law),......

Words: 661 - Pages: 3

Centralia No. 5

...an operationally successful organization. This brings us Centralia No. 5 and its operational shortcomings. Driscoll Scanlan will be our main focus as we examine: (a) other logistical alternatives that could have been addressed; (b) analyze his motivation toward the Constitution, bureaucracy, and obligation; and (c) other possible modes of actions that could have taken place to prevent such a disaster. Logistical Alternatives Scanlan was a man of relentless integrity, but, with all of his efforts he failed in an administrative sense to prevent such a terrible disaster from occurring. We examine what could have been done, and take a closer look into what other alternative logistically he could have taken. Mine fires are an insidious, persistent, and often nearly invisible threat to local health and to the natural and built environment (Ohlson, 2010). In the mining process , workers operate in the semi-enclosed space in several hundred meters underground faced with high temperatures, humidity, noise, dust, harmful gases such as harsh natural environment, the operating environment is poor, work hours are long, lighting is poor, which are extreme likely to make workers mood swings produce operational errors and leard to accidents (WU You-jun, 2010). As an inspector Scanlan understood not only what problems persisted but he also understood what steps to take to rectify issues that ultimately engulfed Centralia No. 5. We start by proposing a plan that Scanlan could......

Words: 1240 - Pages: 5

The Blast in Centralia

...Blast in Centralia [Author] [Instructor] [Course] [Date] Blast in Centralia No. 5 Question1: Identify and explain four (4) logical alternatives Scanlan could have addressed. Driscoll O. Scanlan, a state inspector of the coal mines at Centralia No. 5, did not consider the use of logistical substitutes in order to protect the misfortunate workers. As a state appointed official and the representative to the public, Scanlan should have utilized his positional powers in the manner that could produce results(Fanning, 2007). He was active in reporting his findings and presenting his recommendations every three months to the concerned Department of Mines and Minerals. Since a long period of three years, his reports were given no significance and did not materialize any action. Scanlan, being legally responsible for the safety of the miners, should not have permitted the Mines and Mineral Board to ignore his message for a period of three years. In order to produce results and make sure that Mines and Minerals Board take any action against the hazardous conditions at Centralia, Scanlan should have been practical and more aggressive in his actions. For instance, he should have provided a copy of his findings, along with the copy of the state law to Superintendent Norman and state a dead line for the due cleanup of the mines at Centralia or otherwise the mines would be closed. Also,Scanlan should have also been practical and instead of generating reports,......

Words: 928 - Pages: 4