Cancer and Mutations

In: Science

Submitted By tarapotter
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Treating Ovarian Cancer
Tara Potter
ITT Technical Institute/ Breckenridge School of Nursing
In partial fulfillment of requirements in
GE150 Survey of the Sciences/ Dr. Lok
February 29, 2016

Treating Ovarian Cancer
Cancers of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and primary peritoneum are the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women in the U.S. These cancers are often found at advanced stages. According to my research, they don’t typically cause signs or symptoms in the early stages, also there isn’t very many screening tests for them. The most common type of ovarian cancer is called ovarian epithelial cancer. It begins in the tissue that covers the ovaries. This cancer sometimes begins at the end of the fallopian tube near the ovary and spreads to the ovary. Ovarian cancer can also begin in the peritoneum and spread to the ovary. The stages and treatment are the same for ovarian epithelial, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancers.
To my surprise, while researching the genetic link pertaining to ovarian cancer I found that 90% of all ovarian cancer is acquired by chance while 10% is inherited. Research has successfully identified three hereditary factors that predispose women to ovarian cancer: 1. Spontaneous new mutations in the tumor suppressor genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 2. Susceptibility to HNPCC also known as Lynch Syndrome II, a hereditary disease that puts individuals at risk for ovarian cancer. 3.Hereditary mutations in the BRCA1 gene or BRCA2 gene.
There are three common treatment options for ovarian cancer. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Surgery for ovarian cancer has 2 main goals. The first goal is to see how far the cancer has spread from the ovary. Usually this means removing the uterus, along with both ovaries and fallopian tubes. The other important goal of surgery is to remove as much of the tumor as possible, this is called…...

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