Between the Years 1500 and 1800, What Were the Most Important Key Events or Forces That Ultimately Allowed the Europeans to Establish Authority in India?

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1) Between the years 1500 and 1800, what were the most important key events or forces that ultimately allowed the Europeans to establish authority in India?

In the years between 1500 and 1800, there were many factors and events that led too the strong grasp of European influence and authority in India. In this time period, an international revolution in maritime trade exploded in Europe with the rise of sea power and advancements in navigation and ship building. Many European countries were attracted to India’s wealth of spices, silk, and raw materials and were in competition to exploit them and sell at high prices in Europe. The Mughal Empire in India had a great land army, however, did not possess any degree of marine warfare, and were ignorant and indifferent to the European threats. The Mughal Empire, in control of India at this time, were spread out too thin with many rulers and were not united to handle the onslaught of European influence. The fall of the Mughal Empire in concert with the rise of European power can be described by two main events, with the fall of the structured trade with the ruin of the great Mughal port of Surat, and the possession of the Diwani of Bengal by Britian that gave them economic control in India. All these factors combined to India’s exploitation and soon to administrative authority by European forces. The revolution of international martime trade and the rise of European sea power, the fall of the Mughal trade, and the British grasp of the Diwani of Bengal were the major forces and that eventually led to established European authority in India, lasting until 1947. The first European power that controlled the Indian Ocean during the height of the Mughal Empire was the Portuguese. The Portuguese seizure of power in the Indian Ocean at the beginning of the sixteenth century was due to their great skills in navigation and…...

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