Ancient Philosophy

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By VerbalNinjutsu
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Plato's early dialogues are referred to as the Socratic dialogues. During these dialogues

there is nothing to suggest that the search for virtue and the human good goes beyond

the natural realm. In the early dialogues the good and proper things are found through

questioning. This however, changes in Plato's middle dialogues. In his middle dialogues

Plato leads us to the theory of knowledge. A shift toward the metaphysical guided by

the first recognition of the Forms, that is, the true nature of all things. He claims Morals

must be based on an appropriate political structure that can be upheld by leaders with

strict scientific training. The theory of the Forms is not restricted to human principles; it

however embraces the nature of all there is. Plato appears to further stress the differences

between analogy, human relationships and celestial harmony.

Vattimo’s idea of “platonic fallacy applies to the middle dialogs. Vattimo believes

that Plato took the wrong direction with his decision to incorporate straight forward

answers in his dialogues. Philosophy for Vattimo is about thinking and discourse no

blunt lecturing. Therfore the Entry of the middle dialogues is jarring an infact is not

philosophy.

Question 2

Plato’s believes that his theory of the forms is the way to knowledge, as expressed

in the Platonic Dialoges. It is Plato’s assertion that each and every thing has a perfected

intangibility (that is a perfect state); understood and accessed only through the sub

Ancient Philosophy Final Exam

conscious soul. His explanation follows an example of a cave. At the very back of this

cave Plato states that mankind is chained, facing the rear wall. As this is a cave, it is

completely dark, except for a burning fire located in the center of the cave. Above this

fire rests a balcony,…...

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