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Analysis

In: English and Literature

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Analysis.

The author of this text is Jerome K. Jerome. He is a popular English writer. The most famous works are Three Men in a Boat, The Idle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow, Novel Notes and Three Men on the Bummel which belong to the end of 19th century and the beginning of 20th century. He is famous for his art of story-telling and his humour which is based on misunderstanding. He is good at revealing the weak sides of human nature.

This extract is about three men who decided to cook an Irish stew. They began cooking from peeling the potatoes. They threw another products which they wished to get rid of and mixed all carefully. At the end Montmorency bought fresh caught water-rat. After some discussions these three men decided to try something new and added the rat. Eventually, they were very happy by their cook masterpiece.

By this text the author wanted to tell us that it had better to try something new than to be indifferent and do everything as usual. People ought to develop in this case world progress would go ahead.

Jerome presents his story as 1st-person narration with descriptive passages. This extract may be divided into the following parts. The first one is a description of Sonning. The second is decision of cooking an Irish stew. The third is Montmorency’s contribution to the dinner. The last one is about great success of Irish stew. This text is written with the cheerful, humorous, emotional and optimistic prevailing mod.

The author used in this text a lot of lexical and stylistic devices which helped to create the needful atmosphere. In the description of Sonning Jerome used metaphor: they (roses) were bursting forth in clouds of dainty splendour; simile: it is more like a stage village than one built of bricks and mortar; epithets: veritable picture, quaint rooms, winding passages, splendid opportunity, a slap-up supper, sweet Sonning. The author underlines his own attitude towards the village, he conveys his positive emotions to the reader.

Moreover, Jerome used polysyndeton with help of connectives: with low quaint rooms and latticed windows and awkward stairs and winding passages; with the vegetables and the remains of the cold beef and general odds and ends; all bumps and warts and hollows and so on. He used these enumerations to increase the comic effect.

The author added also asyndeton. It is the sentence which is equal a paragraph in the text. The author described the climax when Montmorency brought a dead water-rat. The author kept the reader in suspense using the sentence where the connectives are deliberately omitted.

In addition, Jerome used hyperbole: the potato-scrapings in which Harris and I stood, half-smothered, could have come off four potatoes. He used a deliberate overstatement to reveal the humour of situation.

Moreover, he also used irony: It’s men such as you the hamper the world’s progress. One’s palate gets so tired of the old hackneyed things; similes: Montmorency evidently wished to present as his contribution to the dinner; a taste like nothing else on earth; gravy was a poem;

All these language means reveal the author’s manner, his style of writing. He renders his feeling and thoughts with epithets, similes, metaphors and so on.

In conclusion, it is worth adding that the author shows us the weak sides of people in such humorous manner.

Analysis.

To sir, with love.

This book was written by E.R. Braithwaite. He was born in 1912 in British Guiana. Eustace Braithwaite is well-known as a novelist, writer, teacher, and diplomatist. During World War II, he joined the Royal Air Force as a pilot - he would later describe this experience as one where he had felt no discrimination based on his skin colour or ethnicity. After the war, like many other ethnic minorities, he could not find work in his field and eventually took up a job as a schoolteacher in the East End of London. The book To Sir, With Love (1959) was based on his experiences there. The other famous works are A Kind of Homecoming, Paid Servant, A Choice of Straws, Reluctant Neighbours. His numerous writings have dealt with the difficulties of being an educated black man, a black social worker and a black teacher.

Braithwaite continued to write novels and short stories throughout his long international career as an educational consultant and lecturer for UNESCO. He is an academic, a permanent representative to the United Nations for Guyana and a Guyana's ambassador to Venezuela.

This text is about the schoolteacher’s experience. The author described himself. It is a 1st-person narration with descriptive passages. The main character came in the class as a new teacher. He tried to make a good impression on them. But he had difficulty in coping with the class. At the end of the story the class interrupted his lessons by knocking the lid of the desk, began to swear and misbehave. Eventually he was in despair, lost his temper and thought over what to do next sitting in the school library. The final is open in the text. The reader can only guess whether or not he found the approach to the class.

In my opinion, this text can be conventionally divided into the following parts. The first was about the description and advantages of the principal’s pet schemes. The second tells about his acquaintance with the class and beginning of the teaching process. The third was the climax of this extract. Everything lost the control. The pupils deliberately interrupted the lessons and swear on any silly pretext. The last was the denouement of this text. The teacher sat in the library, felling sick at heart and utter disrespect for him.

The main idea and the author’s intention consist in that teaching is a very long and difficult process. And it is up to the teacher to find the way to the pupils. The class behaves such way as it is allowed. There are no books, prescriptions or algorithm of actions how to behave with class. Because it needs an individual approach to each particular one. Something that can be appropriate to the one class can be inadmissible to another.

So, the prevailing mood of the text isn’t cheerful or ironical at all. The actions happen in tense atmosphere. The author keeps the reader’s attention in suspense. He forces the reader to sympathise to the teacher.

To achieve this result the author used a lot of lexical and stylistic devices. Describing the Weekly Review the author used epithet (pet schemes) to underline the director’s positive attitude. Moreover, he added (which director would brook no interference). It shows the reader how importance the Review is. Braithwaite used repetition (in his own words, in his own way) and synonyms (to comment, to criticise, to agree or disagree) to express that this Review is rather objective as a lot of opinions create objectivity. The author emphasised that children were free to express their opinion (no one and nothing was sacred; the child was safe from any form of reprisal).

Moreover, he used direct speech of the principal. There are also phraseological units (to take some pains), antithesis (careful – careless; individual – collective), opposites (mixture of a relief and disappointment). It makes the story more vivid, solid and comprehensive.

Describing the teaching process the author used epithet (a painful procession), simile (he was as transient as his many predecessors), metaphor (he were trying to reach the children through a thick pane of glass). Thus, Braithwaite shows us how hard the process of teaching was. The teacher wanted to be a successful, he tried to interest his pupils and was anxious what impression he made on them.

The author introduced the terms of phases of his relationship with class (the silent treatment, the noisy treatment). It tells about that the teacher was well-educated, seriously attitude to his job and plan his work accordingly.

There are also epithets describing the children (remote, uninterested), metaphor (a conspiracy of indifference), simile (children stared with attention a birdwatcher). It means that the teacher is not indifferent to his pupils, he wants to inveigle them into active interest so he observes them.

The author used the epithet (burning anger) to display the feeling of the teacher that he was going to lose his temper. Phraseological unit (to play right into their hands) was used to end the climax.

At the end of the story a lot of words with negative connotations were used (disrespect; no sense of decency; ugly viciousness; minds were rooting after filth). These words reveal that the narrator in despair. He did all his best to interest his pupils. He was very disappointed that all his efforts didn’t meet the pupils’ respond. And such cliche (to fell sick at heart) improves it.

At the end rhetorical question was used (Why did they behave like that? What was wrong with them?). The author makes the final open and gives opportunity to the reader to suppose what would be further.

From the point of view of syntax the text includes a lot of long and complicated sentences. It tells that the narrator is well-educated person. All these language means reveal the author’s manner, his style of writing. He renders his feeling and thoughts such way and therefore reaches his desired effect.

It is worth saying that this story is autobiographical. It seems to me, it can be a very good book for future teacher. Because such story is rather plausible in our days.

Analysis.

Art for heart’s sake.

The Art for Heart’s sake was written by Reuben Lucius Goldberg (1883-1970). He was an American cartoonist, sculptor, author, engineer, and inventor, was born in San Francisco. Goldberg is best known for a series of popular cartoons he created depicting complex devices that perform simple tasks in indirect way. Rube Goldberg began practicing his art skills at the age of four when he traced illustrations from the humorous book History of the United States.

Among his best works are Is There a Doctor in the House? (1929), Rube Goldberg’s Guide to Europe (1954) and I made My Bed (1960).

Art for Heart’s sake is about the old man Collis P. Ellsworth who has troubles with his health. Doctor Caswell offers him to take up painting, for a chance. In some time Ellsworth painted an awful picture which was no a work of art at all. To bewilderment of the doctor this painting was not only accepted for the Show at the Lathrop Gallery, but took the First Prize. The old man just explained that he had bought this gallery last month.

The idea of this text is everything can be bought for money. Value of art will vanish if everyone foists his god-awful smudge as an eternal work of art.

The text is written as a 3rd person narration with dialogues of the personages. This text can be divided into the following parts. The first is doctor’s suggestion to take up art. The second is Swain’s lessons. The third is about the Trees Dressed in White. The forth is the culminating point of the text. Ellsworth was awarded with the First Prize for his painting. The last one is Ellsworth’s confession. That he had bought the gallery, that’s all.

The prevailing mood of the text is humorous. The author underlines the old man behaves like a child (he replied Nope on the male nurse suggestion many times. He colored the open spaces blue like a child playing with a picture book. He proudly displayed the variegated smears of paint on his heavy silk dressing gown. He requested someone to read his envelope because his eyes were tired from painting. It was done specially to archive strong effect). At the end the author used the effect of defeated expectancy. When the old man confessed that he just bought that gallery.

A lot of lexical and stylistical devices were used in this text. The author managed to depict all his characters with genuine skills. Koppel, doctor Caswell, Swain and Ellsworth were described not direct but through their behaviour, speech and dialogues.

The first character who was introduced to the reader was the male nurse Koppel. He was the helper of doctor Caswell to treat the old man. The author described how hard it was. He used gradation to reveal the male nurse’s despair (He won’t take his pineapple juice. He doesn’t want me to read to him. He hates the radio. He doesn’t like anything!). Koppel couldn’t do a thing with the old man. Despite he tried to prevent him from exhibiting the Trees Dressed in White as the old man could become a laughing-stock.

To the contrary to anxious and uneasy Koppel calm and gentle Doctor Caswell introduced in front of us. He is a professional and thinks a lot about his patients (He had done some constructive thinking since his last visit. Making proposition to the old man he took his stethoscope ready in case the abruptness of the suggestion proved too mush for the patient’s heart. In spite of rude and vigorous Ellsworth’s answers like Rot and Bosh Caswell managed to persuade him to take up art with his professional calm). He understood Ellsworth was no ordinary case. Further unintentionally the old man’s diagnosis was described. The author used zeugma for the irony (All his purchases of recent years had to be liquidated at a great sacrifice both to his health and his pocketbook).

The doctor preferred not to interfere when Ellsworth decided to exhibit his painting at the gallery. Doctor Caswell was the only man who managed with a supreme effort to congratulate the old man on the First Prize while Swain and Koppel uttered a series of inarticulate gurgles. One mistake the doctor made is he thought it safe to allow Ellsworth to visit museums and galleries.

The next personage is Frank Swain. He is 18 years old and a promising student. He has some simile with the doctor. Swain was also patient. The author used such simile (there was a drawing on the table which had a slight resemblance to the vase) to underline the Swain’s reaction (Not bad, sir. It’s a bit lopsided). Swain is professional too. As his visits grew more frequent he brought a box of water-colors and some tubes of oils. He was no indifferent to the Ellsworth and worried about the picture Trees Dressed in White. He was forced to sneak into the Gallery and see the picture his own eyes.

At least the most inconsistent personage is Ellsworth. As it was mentioned before he behaved like a child. The author used many slang words (rot, bosh, by gum, poppycock) to display that the old man’s attitude to the Koppel, Swain and Doctor, to emphasize such trait of the character as foolishness, confidence, independence. Originally the old man was not sure to take up art. He looked appraisingly at Swain and drew the scrawls expecting the Swain’s critic (the wrinkles deepened at the corners of the old man’s eyes as he asked elfishly what he thought of it). In some time he asked Swain to come three times a week. It tells about his progress in painting. The author used personification (I want to ask you something before old pineapple juice comes back). It reveals the old man’s attitude to the male nurse. Then represented speech of the old man was used (How were the galleries run? Who selected the canvases for the exhibition?). Ellsworth displayed his insatiable curiosity about the galleries but in fact being a person who couldn’t help from buying anything he formed an artful plan in his brain.

Ellsworth executed the painting. The author used epithets (a god-awful smudge; a loud, raucous splash on the wall) and simile (which resembled a gob of salad dressing thrown violently up against the side of a house) to give a real appraisal of the painting and show the absurd accepting this picture to the gallery. The author used epithet (a lifetime dream of every mature artist was a Lathrop prize) and inversion (upon this distinguished group Ellsworth was going to foist his painting) to emphasize the importance of this exhibition, its scale and prestigious.

Ellsworth organized everything before. This fact that Koppel, Swain and the doctor were in the room when the envelope was brought was not a chance. He anticipated this result (He was unusually cheerful during the exhibition). He proved them that art is nothing and everything can be bought for money. All treatment and the good work, that the doctor has accomplished, were spoilt. Ellsworth managed to wind everybody round his finger. Why it has happened?

From the point of view of syntax the text includes a lot of short and elliptical sentences (Not bad). All these language means reveal the author’s manner, his style of writing. He renders his feeling and thoughts such way and therefore reaches his desired effect.

It is worth adding that the author was a great cartoonist. It impacts on his style of writing. He paid attention on details and traits of characters.

Analysis.

A Small, Good Thing.

This Extract was written by Raymond Clevie Carver, Jr. (May 25, 1938 – August 2, 1988). He was an American short story writer and poet. At the age of 20 he supported his family by working as a janitor, sawmill laborer, delivery man, and library assistant. During their marriage, Maryann worked as a waitress, salesperson, administrative assistant, and high school English teacher.

Carver's career was dedicated to short stories and poetry. He described himself as "inclined toward brevity and intensity" and "hooked on writing short stories" Another stated reason for his brevity was "that the story [or poem] can be written and read in one sitting”.

Carver's writing style and themes are often identified with Ernest Hemingway and Anton Chekhov.

Minimalism is generally seen as one of the hallmarks of Carver's work.

This Extract was taken from one of the most famous short story A Small Good Thing. It tells about a boy who was knocked down by a car. The boy was in deep sleep during three days and then died. Doctors who treated him did all their best but couldn’t save him.

In this passage firstly the author described visiting the nurse. He described her actions such way she took the left arm out from under the covers and put her fingers on the wrist, found the pulse, then consulted the watch… She did her duties, but she didn’t enquire the boy’s condition at his parents. She just entered the room and started her work. Nothing had guarded her. She made a conclusion the boy was stable.

The author used description to the nurse (the nurse was a big Scandinavian woman with blond hair. There was the trace of an accent in her speech). Before the name A Small Good Thing this story had a name The Bath. In that story the descriptions of nurses and doctors were omitted. The author underlined that she was a foreign nurse. What if she didn’t always understand her patients. She had an accent and didn’t always spoke properly (Doctor will be in again shortly. Doctors back in the hospital). She could make a fatal mistake in her work.

In this extract the parents had expressed their fears and dangers the first time (I don’t think he should keep sleeping like this. I don’t think that’s a good sign). But the nurse ignored it.

Then the author depicted short scene when Howard looked at his son and recollected some terrible facts. F.ex. when Ann called him at his office and informed the accident. Howard was in shock (he felt a genuine fear starting in his limbs), he hadn’t realized the incident yet. The author tells about that a person tends to ask a question to himself why it has happened with him not with anybody else. (Scotty was fine, but instead of sleeping at home in his own bed, he was in a hospital bed with bandages around his head and a tube in his arm).

Then the doctor was introduced to the story. First of all what Dr. Francis did he made a careful examination of Scotty (He took the boy’s pulse. He peeled back one eyelid and then the other… He listened to the boy’s heart and lungs with his stethoscope. He pressed his fingers here and there on the abdomen… He studied the chart.). The author used some terms (stethoscope, abdomen, chart) to underline the professionalism of the doctor. But he came to strange conclusion (He’s all right… He’s in shock… it was a bit of concussion… He’s out of any real danger) at the same time he admitted the fracture of the skull.

The desperate mother set a diagnose herself (It’s a coma). Because it was logically right to be a coma in case of fracture of the skull and deep sleep. The author used many repetitions in doctor’s speech (He’s all right… He’s out of any real danger… I wouldn’t want to call it a coma) as if the doctor tried to persuade himself more than the parents, he misled them.

At the end of this passage the author proved the worse expectations. Ann put her hands over the child’s forehead and exclaimed He feels so cold!

If the reader collects all the symptoms, he won’t have any doubts it is a coma. The boy was cold, without any reflexes and with silent breath. The nurse and doctor should have noticed the arrhythmic breath because they took the pulse and listened his heart and lungs; lack of reaction on light because the doctor peeled back eyelids; oppression of digestive system because he checked the boy’s abdomen. In spite of this the doctor advised not to worry. The parents could only ease each other and pray.

The author depicted absolute negligence of the staff. No one of the medical staff tried to help this boy. They just made endless tests, took blood, made extra X-rays but nothing had changed. The boy died. The doctors explained it as a hidden occlusion and it was a one-in-a-million circumstance.

The author touched many problems in this story. The main is human relations to each other. Doctors’ negligence is a result of human indifference in the community. People are getting more isolate. Remember the moment when the car knocked down the boy, the car driver looked back over his shoulder, waited until he boy got unsteadily to his feet, put the car into gear and drove away. On the other side, grief can make even unfamiliar people close one. When Ann and Howard came to the baker in order to stop his endless rings, they chattered till the early morning. I think that actions of that medical staff can be considered as criminal. The death of Scotty was not the only one case.

This extract can be divided into 3 parts. The first tells about the nurse. The second is about doctor’s visit. And the last tells that parents tried to comfort each other.

This passage was written in form of dialogues with some short descriptions. The prevailing mood of the text is tense (she stood working her lip with her teeth) and uneasy. The suspense is increasing till the boy’s death.

To sum up, the main idea is difficult human relations to each other. People are getting more isolate, aloof, uninterested to other people’ problems. One of the consequences of that changing became frequent doctors’ negligence, doctors’ errors. Although one of the doctor’s table says don’t do harm.

Analysis.
From: W.S. The text was written by Leslie Poles Hartley. He is a famous English writer. L.P. Hartley was a highly skilled narrator and all his tales are admirably told.

“W.S.” comes from “The Complete Short Stories of L.P. Hartley” and was published posthumously in 1973. The story told about a writer Walter Streeter. He was snowed under the postcards which came from anonymous. Initially, these postcards didn’t disturb the writer. He tore them away. But some days later, Walter Streeter cast his eyes over the initials of the anonymous and was shocked by such odd coincidence. The initials were his own. Walter appealed to his friend, then to the police. They advised him not to worry considering that W.S. could be a woman or even someone who never show up in the flesh.

The structure of the text is not homogeneous: the narration is interrupted by the elements of description. Inner thoughts and feelings of the main character are interwoven with the narration. The story about Walter Streeter is a psychological tale. The main character is constantly struggle with himself during the story. He tried to find the explanation of the origin of these postcards. And when he couldn’t do it, he became actually a borderline case. The author told about the splitting personalities. He described in details the stages of this condition. It makes the tension of the atmosphere gradually increasing and getting its top at the end of it. Maybe this text is about that creative people are a little mad inside. Hartley described the Walter’s madness through his works. They are not homogeneous (there is the cleavage in his writing), one paragraph languorous with semicolons and subordinate clauses, and another sharp and incisive with main verbs and full stops. Analyzing this text deeper, it can be found other pretext. Any writer should be responsible for his works. If he writes bad work, he should realise that this work can impact on other people and bring up their emotions wrongly. As far as postcards are concerned whether Walter sent these postcards to himself we can say. Perhaps they were sent from his enemies to destroy his morally so that he couldn’t work. I suppose they were a source of supply for him and created a new reality. They changed his mind. At the end he put them behind the clock on the chimney piece. He couldn’t live without them, they were a part of him. The end of the story is written like a detective one. The tension of the story reaches the apogee when Walter noticed the each next postcard was sent from a place geographically closer to him. There are many interrogative sentences that show hesitation and anxiety of the character. There are a lot of stylistic devices, such as antonomasia - “Walter Streeter”; zeugma – “took up the time and energy”; metonymy - “faint strings of curiosity”; personification – “growing pains”; periphrasis – “conscious mind“, “little mouse-like creature”, “poisonpens”, many examples of inversion. The language of the writer is very rich and full of various kinds of stylistic devices and that makes his story more vivid and picturesque.

Analysis “The tell-tale heart”.

The tell-tale heart was written by Edgar Allan Poe. He is well-known American writer who is famous for his short stories. He described the short story such way: short enough to be read in one sitting and constructed to create a single effect.

The tell-tale heart is one of the most dreadful Poe’s stories. This story tells about a person, who commits the murder of the old man. The crime was carefully planned. Seven nights running the murderer came to the old man and rehearsed his plan. When he killed the old man, he dismembered the corpse and hid it under the floor planks. Next day when the police came to search the premises, the murderer stood calm and welcome. Nothing betrayed him as a murderer except from steady heart beating of the old man from under the planks. The murderer was sure the police heard this beating and just hold him in derision. He confessed he admitted the deed.

The author depicted the scene of “ideal crime”. The crime which has no object can scarcely be revealed. And only criminal conscience can expose him.

The story begins with the word “True”. It can mean that murderer admits his guilt. Poe depicted a character who is convinced he is not mad but has a rare disease. This disease sharps his senses, especially the sense of hearing acute. During the story the main character constantly tries to persuade the reader he is not mad. I suppose he is not mad, but when a person tries to prove sth steadily, it has an opposite effect. His repetitions of being not mad could make sb believe in his madness. The question, if the criminal was mad or not, is one of the main. The story was written in 1843. 3 years earlier came out the law which announced the innocence of those criminals who were really mad.

I was interested in the way of telling the story from the first words. The narrator used short, abrupt sentences in his tale. He used many repetitions and do not want to miss any detail. The closer the end was approaching, the more tense was increasing. The murderer was a bit nervous but he enjoyed describing the crime. He was proud of himself how wisely and cunningly he organised the crime. The author doesn’t tell who the interlocutor of the murderer is. It is hardly possible it is lawyer, more probably it is a cell mate.

One of the symbols of the text was the eye of vulture. According to the words of the murderer definitely the eye became the object of the crime. The evil eye made him furious and uncontrollable. The evil makes people serve to it. The author said no word about the relations between the old man and the murderer. Perhaps the murderer wanted to get freedom and independence and it was the reason of his crime.

A lot of details strike the reader’s eye while reading. For example, seven nights running the murderer rehearsed the crime; he committed the crime at midnight. There were a lot of references to other world presence.

Moreover, one more point which strokes my eye was the murderer told the process of preparing to the crime much longer than the moment of committing the crime. The murderer was obsessed with process, action more than with result.

The last passage was the culmination. The author depicted the emotional condition of the murderer. He was pale. He heard the heart beating under the floor planks. In fact it was his own beating. But he could not cope with his emotions. The author used many verbs with negative connotations (foamed – raved – swore). He used graphical device to underline the main points. Emotions in the last passage reached their apogee.

One of the main ideas of the text is human obsession. The author exaggerates the influence of it. The better way is to have moderation in everything. The author’s purpose for writing this tale is to show the thoughts of a man whose type of thinking is totally different from other people. However, no one person has the right to take the life of the other one. It is a moral sin.…...

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...Nike Inc. Disclosure Analysis The analysis of the disclosures in the company’s financial statement is important because it helps to know where the company currently stands at financially. Nike Inc. is the company that I will analyze which I will discuss the disclosure that are contained within the notes of Nike’s most recent financial statements which relate to cash and the cash equivalents, receivables, and the inventories of the company.” Nike Inc. is the world’s leading innovator in the athletic footwear, apparel, equipment and accessories (Nike. 2013). Nike was started as a dream by Bill Bowerman who was a field coach at the University of Oregon experimented different innovations with running shoes in the 1950s which many footwear manufacturers ignored his ideas. Phil Knight was a runner from Portland that went to Oregon in 1955 which he had completed the program that Bowerman had. Knight had wrote a paper that discussed the quality of running shoes and he decided that he had wanted to become a distributor of Tiger running shoes which was in the United States. Bowerman and Knight became partners which they met with Jeff Johnson to help with the “birth” of the Nike brand and company. Today Nike is branded all around the world with being an official sponsor for the National Football League and looking to increase its fiscal revenue for the 2015 year. Current Assets The current assets in the company help us to understand how the company is doing. The current assets......

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...  Our analysis is based on a UK based leisure complex. This part covers the analysis of the company’s most important segments i.e. cash flow statement and the income statement. CASH FLOW Analysis In the first month there is a negative cash balance because more cash is going out of the business because of cash spent on purchasing fixed assets. The cash balance remains negative till August. This is because the receipts have been constantly low due to less number of members and so the revenue received from membership fees and other incomes was less than the payments. After August the cash balance is positive and is increasing, as the number of members has increased and as a result the revenue from membership fees and other incomes have increased. At the end of the year, the cash balance is negative which not a good sign for the leisure complex as there is less cash in the bank to maintain solvency. The business needs to obtain funds through sources in order to fill in the cash shortages. Income Statement analysis There is a loss in the first four months because there is less number of members and as a result there is less revenue from membership fees and other incomes. The firm starts earning profit from the fifth month which is considerably increasing till the end of the year. This is because more members are joining the club each month, thus the revenue from membership fees and other incomes have......

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...|Student’s Name: |Admission No: | I. Company Analysis A. Background [Describe the company’s background.] B. Business Segmentation [Analyse the different businesses of the company.] C. Geographical Segmentation [Analyse the different geographical markets of the company.] D. SWOT Analysis [Perform a SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) analysis on the company.] II. Industry Analysis and Peer Valuation A. Porter’s FIVE (5) Forces [Perform the Porter’s FIVE (5) Forces analysis on the industry.] B. Peer Valuation [Perform a peer valuation of the THREE (3) companies using both the extended DuPont and the relative valuation ratios.] III. Company Valuation A. Historical Trends [Using at least THREE (3) years of the company’s historical data, show the historical trends for ratios from ANY FOUR (4) of six primary groups of financial ratios.] B. Forecast [Using ANY ONE (1) of two forecasting techniques, show the steps to estimate at least ONE (1) year forecast of the company’s EPS.] C. Share Valuation [By using the above forecast and ANY ONE (1) of two share valuation techniques, show the steps to calculate the intrinsic value of the company] IV. Technical Analysis [Use this section to show any technical charts including technical indicators of the share price.] V. Reflective......

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...purpose of this analysis is to examine a case that I have chosen written by one of my cohorts. While analyzing this case I will focus on key points from the readings to highlight how this case does, in fact, pertain to this reading and other articles that are relevant to the class. Upon conclusion of this analysis, my hope is that the reader will have a better insight of different aspects of management and management conflicts in this workplace. Case Synopsis The particular case at hand involves change in management in the workplace. When a new manager replaces a manger that has been a part of an organization for a while, conflicts can and almost always occur for the manager. The new manager in the particular case simply came in and tried to do his job. He tried to enforce the rules that were in place, but before he was there, these rules were not enforced as much. Once the rules were enforced, conflicts began to arise. After such conflicts arose, a large number of employees left. When the employees left, the star employees that stayed decided to give advice to the mew manager on his working skills and he listened. He implemented what the employees told him and there was almost an immediate change. The branch started performing even better than they were before the other employees left and even became one of the highest performing branches in the company. This case highlights several factors discussed in the readings related to this course. In this analysis I will......

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...and Quantas Airways ltd. Report Review analysis the Topic Frame is: Introduction The presented report is aimed to present understanding and interpretation of different financial ratios in the context of judging the financial performance of an organization. The financial ratio revealed on the basis of different financial records and figures for a particular organization, indicates the existing status of the company. In addition to this, there are a number of different types of financial ratios for a company which are aimed to show different aspects of financial performance of the organization namely profitability, Efficiency, and financial stability of the organization for a long term. From the perspective of an investor or a share holder, it is quite crucial to have proper information regarding existing financial ratio of the company before making worthy investment within an organization (Gitman, and McDaniel 2008). In context to this, the paper shade some intensive lights over thorough interpretation of different ratios of two prominent airlines companies namely Virgin Australia Holdings Ltd, QANTAS Airways Ltd. The primary objective of the paper is to reflect financial performance of both the organizations for last two financial years (i.e. 2010 and 2011) on the basis of the interpretation and review of financial ratio of both the organizations. Analysis of financial performance The analysis of financial performance of both the......

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...1. What are the strategically relevant factors in the macro-environment (PESTEL analysis)? Strategically relevant factors in the macro-environment consist of: social, technological and legal forces in the case of Lululemon Athletica, Inc. Social Factors: This includes that of lifestyle, and the want and need of living a healthy lifestyle. Evidence in the case points to people over the age of 60 who are looking to lead a healthier life and to live longer. This becomes a demand in the market, leaving a space for companies to fill in the supply. There was also an increase in the purchase of athletic wear not only for fitness activities but to simply give a perception of a healthy lifestyle, which in turn increased demand for these products. Technological Factors: Technology plays a key role in the industry and thus drives the creation of new fabrics that lead to a better design for athletic attire. Trademark fabrics such as luon, luxtreme and silverescent all have different specifications that would address the different needs of consumers in the market. Advances in market intelligence allow companies to track trends in the market and consumer behaviours. Changes in shopping habits also become relevant, not only with trends but also with the growth of e-commerce and the convenience of purchasing anything online in the matter of seconds. The desire to be able to shop online has become a growing industry, leaving consumers with the satisfaction to shop at any time and place.......

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...Harley-Davidson Case Analysis Harley-Davidson Case Analysis Rayzhaun Jones Mississippi Valley State University Strategic Management Dr. Jimmie S. Warren Abstract With the growing global economy, companies are looking for ways to improve their market share. Many excellent firms have learned how to beat their competitors through the implementation of new management, marketing, and manufacturing techniques. Harley-Davidson is one of those excellent companies whom have challenged traditional ideas. We intend to show through this case study that any company can follow Harley-Davidson’s techniques and lead them to excellence. Mission Statement “We fulfill dreams through the experiences of motorcycling by providing to motorcyclists and too the general public an expanding line of motorcycles, branded products, and services in selected market segments.” Vision Statement “Harley-Davidson is an action-oriented, international company, a leader in its commitment to continuously improve its mutually beneficial relationships with stakeholders. Harley-Davidson believes the key to success is to balance stakeholders’ interests through the empowerment of all employees to focus on value-added activities. Company Profile and Case Analysis Harley-Davidson Inc. is an American motorcycle manufacturer. Harley-Davidson specializes in the sales of heavyweight motorcycles that are designed for cruising on highways. Harleys have a distinct design and exhaust sound that have......

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...CHAPTER IX STRENGTHS, WEAKNESS, OPPORTUNITIES, AND THREATS ANALYSIS Strategic planning is a tool for organizing the present on the basis of the projections of the desired future. A strategic plan is a road map to lead an organization from where it is now to where it would like to be in five or ten years.It is necessary to have a strategic plan for your organization. In order to develop a comprehensive plan for your organization which would include both long- range and strategic elements.One of the most important parts of the strategic planning process is the examination of the internal and external environment of the business. The strengths or weaknesses of the business can be seen by considering its internal environment. On the other hand, the external environment factors of the business define the threats and opportunities it will face. Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats analysis can be used for all sorts of decision making and proactive thinking rather than relying in habitual or instinctive reactions in the business. Specifically, SWOT analysis is basic straight-forward model that assesses what an organization can and cannot do as well as its potential opportunities and threats. SWOT analysis is essential in a business in accomplishing its objectives and what obstacles must be overcome or minimized to achieve the desired result. It is but inevitable for business enterprises to be faced with serious problems and be burdened with critical decision......

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...1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Financial analysis is the starting point for making plans, before using any sophisticated forecasting and planning procedures. Understanding the past is a prerequisite for anticipating the future. Financial analysis is the process of identifying the financial strength and weakness of the firm by properly establishing relationship between the items of the balance sheet and the profit and loss account. Financial analysis can be undertaken by management of the firm, or by parties outside the firm, viz. owners, creditors, investors and others. The nature of analysis will differ depending on the purpose of the analyst. 1. Investors: Who invested their money in the firm’s shares, are most concerned about the firm’s earnings. They more confidence in those firm’s that show steady growth in earnings. As such, they concentrate on the analysis of the firm’s present and future profitability. They are also interested in the firm’s financial structure to that extent influence the firm’s earning ability and risk. 2. Trade creditors and financial institution: they are interested in firm’s ability to meet their claims over a very short period of time. Their analysis will, therefore, confine to the evolution of the firms liquidity position. And the financial institutions are interested in the financial statements of the borrowing concern to ascertain its short- term as well as long-term solvency and also it profitability. 3. Suppliers: On the other hand, are......

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...Topic Gateway Series Strategic Analysis Tools Strategic Analysis Tools Topic Gateway Series No. 34 Prepared by Jim Downey and Technical Information Service 1 October 2007 Topic Gateway Series Strategic Analysis Tools About Topic Gateways Topic Gateways are intended as a refresher or introduction to topics of interest to CIMA members. They include a basic definition, a brief overview and a fuller explanation of practical application. Finally they signpost some further resources for detailed understanding and research. Topic Gateways are available electronically to CIMA Members only in the CPD Centre on the CIMA website, along with a number of electronic resources. About the Technical Information Service CIMA supports its members and students with its Technical Information Service (TIS) for their work and CPD needs. Our information specialists and accounting specialists work closely together to identify or create authoritative resources to help members resolve their work related information needs. Additionally, our accounting specialists can help CIMA members and students with the interpretation of guidance on financial reporting, financial management and performance management, as defined in the CIMA Official Terminology 2005 edition. CIMA members and students should sign into My CIMA to access these services and resources. The Chartered Institute of Management Accountants 26 Chapter Street London SW1P 4NP United Kingdom T. +44 (0)20 7663 5441 F.......

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