African American Health Care Analysis

In: Social Issues

Submitted By cherylsweetz82
Words 2207
Pages 9
African American Health Care Analysis
Cheryl Robinson
Capella University
Multi-Cultural Issues in Health Care
Dr. C Vaugh

It is a cliché of health education that programs and interventions will be more effective when they are culturally appropriate for the populations they serve. In practice, however, the strategies used to achieve cultural appropriateness vary widely. This paper briefly describes African American history and how it relates to health care services. It explains the culture, value and belief of African American when it involves health promotion and disease prevention. Some major health concerns and barriers are noted within the black communities and population as well as way to promote health and disease prevention throughout the African American communities.

History of African American population African Americans first arrived to the United States as a crew on a pirate ship in the year 1619. The American population saw these new immigrants as an opportunity and captured many of the six million African immigrants and sold them as slaves (Bennett, 1992 as cited in Edelman & Mandle, 2002). The African American community suffered through a history of slavery and discrimination which has led to their current health and wellness problems. Many of their current problems have been linked to the segregation and cruel treatment that they were subjected to in the past, but African Americans have made significant achievements in overcoming these obstacles in the last number of years.
Engagement, submersion and crisis were considered the history of black health care three main phases. Community health became a national government targeted resource for health care programs for needy black (Kline & Huff, 2007). This was the beginning of neighborhood health centers converting to…...

Similar Documents

Health Care Marketing Analysis

...Health Care Marketing Analysis Shanita V. Brown HCS/539 May 27, 2013 Thomas Sloan Health Care Marketing Analysis “The health marketing mix is vital for a successful health promotion campaign (Pralea pg. 43).” In the health care system today, the marketing mix generally is based on the four P’s known as product, price, place and promotion. The product is concrete and solid products and services. The product is the actual physical item. Pricing is based on being able to price the products at a rate in which customers are willing to pay. This means being aware of supply and demand. Place which also means distribution. Placement is how the products are delivered to the customers. Promotion is the communication in which the hospital uses to bring a positive response from customers. The four P’s are vital in marketing of health care. The four P’s are what guarantees the hospital’s overall success. This can be proven by looking at the marketing mix of Piedmont Henry Hospital in McDonough, Georgia. Product As stated above, the product is the physical products and services in which the hospital provides. Products and services are important to hospital because should cater to the target customers. The product is considered the “platform” of the marketing plan, according to Pralea. Decisions about products and services in a health care facility may involve brand name, functionality, quality, safety, packaging, and repairs and support. Every hospital does not provide all......

Words: 1280 - Pages: 6

African American View of Mental Health

...African American’s view of Mental Health Introduction Mental illness in any culture can be viewed with stigmatism, which is based on cultural beliefs. People have various ways of coping with instabilities of the mind and are deeply influenced by the environment in which they have been exposed to or by the experiences in which they have lived. Admission The patient of interest is an African American female eighteen years of age with bipolar type I and Asperger’s disorder. She was brought to the hospital by her mother and step-father, and she was admitted on a voluntary status to the psychiatric mental health hospital for increasing agitation, mood lability, self-harm thoughts, as well as threats toward her family. Her mother reported her aggression increased after the patient discontinued her risperdol medication. The patient’s mother had been married to her step-father since 2005. The patient has four siblings living in the home whose ages are 17, 14, 2, and 1. The patient reported that her relationship with her 17 year old sister was the worst with frequent aggressive behavior’s such as hitting and yelling. The patient reported suicidal ideation with no plan and depression, she was told by her family that they did not care if she killed herself. She also admitted that she was not taking her medication as prescribed and skipping a few days because she would forget. The patient said she felt “shy” because she was the only African American on the unit. In 2010 patient...

Words: 1647 - Pages: 7

Health Promotion in Hiv African American Women

...HIV Prevention in African American Women Introduction From its origin, HIV/AIDS has been defined as a sexually transmitted disease associated primarily with white homosexual men. In fact, African Americans are the racial/ethnic groups that are mostly influenced by HIV/AIDs. According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention, by the end of 2008, an estimated 240,627 blacks with and AIDs diagnosis has died in the United States (CDC, 2012). Contrary to the evident statistics affecting the African American population as a whole, there remains a small amount of research studies, dedicated towards HIV/AIDs healthcare promotion and prevention strategies specifically designed for the African American women. However, there are a large proportion of African American women affected by HIV/AIDs. In 2009, black women accounts for 30% of the new estimations of HIV infections among blacks. The rate for HIV infections as compared to other populations is 15 times more than white women, and three times as high for Latina women (CDC, 2012). This is confirmed by social media, primarily directed at African American males. In regards to the African American women, personal beliefs, cultural practices, and social norms act as a backdrop in determining the risk behavior of acquiring HIV/AIDs. This study serves to address the need for prevention strategies among single African American women of 18-22 years of age in college from the middle socioeconomic class. The subjects for the study...

Words: 1895 - Pages: 8

Analysis of African American Culture in the Health and Human Services

...1 An Analysis of African American Culture in the Health and Human Services Setting Introduction ​Communication has often been defined by scholar as the process by which people send messages and generate meanings across various contexts, cultures, and media. The process of communicating does not stop; it occurs cycle after cycle. Whether through verbal or non-verbal messages, the transaction takes place and is inevitable, named by scholars as The Principle of Communication Inevitability. Recognizing that communication will exist, whether intentional or not, it is important to understand the various areas of our life where communication may be vital to the success of the structure. One important area is focused on human welfare—medical, physical, emotionally, mentally, and financially—of children and adults. The method in which health and human service workers communicate with the people whom they serve is one that must be studied, implemented, and constantly improved. Health and human service workers are focused on the quality of life for an individual. They are not present to meet the wants out of life. The ultimate focus is rendering services that are conducive to one’s ability to live. Whether communicating good or bad news, professionals, patients, and clients have mutual responsibility for effective sending and receiving messages. People belong to certain demographics that shape who they are, how they feel, how they learn, their exposure to certain aspects of......

Words: 1993 - Pages: 8

Health Care Model Analysis

...Health Care Models Analysis Deborah Fleming Grand Canyon University: HCA 515 July 11, 2014 Health Care Models Analysis There are many different health care models that have been proposed throughout the decades. Some models have been successful and many have failed. There are still a few that are being examined today. This paper will explain a hypothetical medical case that is often seen in hospitals. Four different models will demonstrate how this case and patient could benefit if this model was in play. Hypothetical Case: A 67 year old man presents to the ER with a chronic cough and shortness of breath. He denies sputum production from the cough, but admits to a 20-pound weight loss over the past four months. He has a 30-year pack history of smoking and worked in a shipyard for 25 years. His mother died from lung cancer and his father died of heart disease. His medical history includes hypertension and diabetes type 2. He has no history of surgeries or cancers. After studies were completed he was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. Medical Model: The medical model will define health as the absence of illness rather then the presence of health. This model uses clinical diagnosis and medical interventions to treat disease and to try to prevent disease with education of medical processes (Shi and Singh 2012). In the patient presented above, the first step would be to obtain a chest x-ray and further tests to concluded the diagnosis of squamous......

Words: 1257 - Pages: 6

Health Care Spending Analysis

...Health Care Spending Analysis Y Grand Canyon University: HCA-530 November 19, 2014 Health Care Spending Analysis Health care spending in the United States has been on a steady rise with no signs of slowing down. It is also the highest among developed countries in the world. Although Americans spend the most on health care, this does not translate into the best care available. Many developed countries outrank the U.S. in quality and access of care. Before the Affordable Care Act came along, many individuals and families would forgo purchasing insurance premiums due to the high costs and only utilize emergency rooms when in need of care. Health care reform ideally will address the millions who are without health insurance and provide a higher standard quality of care. The reform of the health insurance system aims to reduce national spending by making changes to the law to incentivize health care providers and organizations to reduce unnecessary spending and focus on increasing access to meet the new demand of the newly insured. Profit vs. Non-Profit Consider for a moment that the majority of health services spending is done by non-profits. These same non-profit organizations are now held to a higher standard, specifically, what exactly they are doing to serve the underserved in their local markets. Recent healthcare reform is a mixed blessing for non-profit and for profit hospitals. Over 30 million Americans previously uninsured Americans will now have the......

Words: 1085 - Pages: 5

Black/African Americans and Health Care

...Black/African Americans and Health Care Paula Elizondo Grand Canyon University: NRS-429V November 23, 2014 Black/African Americans and Health Care Americans live in a country that is considered a melting pot of many different ethnic groups and cultures. In fact, the U.S. Census of 2010 reported that 36.3% of the population belongs to a racial or ethnic minority group (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). In spite of national goals to improve health care, including the implementation of the Affordable Care Act (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2014), many Americans are still finding it difficult and challenging to maintain good health and having their health care needs addressed. For many Americans, race is a huge issue in healthcare today. Minority and ethnic groups are especially susceptible to race related health issues. One such group with a deep seeded history in the United States is Black or African Americans. Black/African Americans are the second largest minority group in the United States (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). Because of the history involving slavery and segregation, Black/African Americans still have to deal with inequalities in many aspects of their lives such as health care, regardless of changes over the last 60 years (Edelman, Kudzma, & Mandle, 2014). The health status, barriers to health, and health disparities of Black/African Americans demonstrate a need for improvement in equality and the......

Words: 1378 - Pages: 6

Health Disparity Among African-Americans

...Health Disparity Among African-Americans Melissa Swanson Grand Canyon University Family Centered Health Promotion NRS-429V-0506 Sandi Coufal February 8, 2015 Heath Disparity among African-Americans The United States is a melting pot of cultural diversity. For a country that was founded by individuals fleeing persecution, it has taken us many years to grant African-Americans equal rights, and even longer for those rights to be recognized. Despite all the effort to eliminate inequality in this country, health disparity among this minority group remains a significant issue. Research in this area has pointed to several key reasons for this gap that center on differences in culture, socioeconomics, and lack of health literacy. The CDC Health Disparities & Inequalities Report of 2011 shows the average American’s life expectancy at 78.8 years, while the average African-American should expect to live only 75.3 years. The statistics gathered by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) are striking in painting the health status of African-Americans in this country. African-American infants have a mortality rate twice that of Caucasian infants. The CDC recognized that African-Americans lead the nation in death rates from heart disease and stroke, as compared to any other ethnicity. The United States Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health presented data in 2012 showing that African-American adults have a 40% higher rate of hypertension and a 10%......

Words: 1899 - Pages: 8

Health Promotion Among African Americans

...Health Promotion among African Americans Diversity in the nursing profession with caring for patients and their cultures is a very demanding concept for nurses when it involves providing health promotion and sickness prevention based on knowledge. This can be a daily challenge that must be faced with expertise to care for the various style of cultures and beliefs within communities. This paper will focus on African Americans and how this diverse population is recognized in health care Health Status of African Americans The population of African Americans in the United States is approximately 40.8 million (, 2015). African Americans leading reason of death is cardiac disease, cancer, and strokes. The largest death rate is from cardiac disease and stroke compared to other minorities and populations along with the largest percentage of high blood pressure among adults aged 65 and older is 40% of this group. Secondly, obesity among women of African American nature is 58% compared with Mexican American people and the white population. Ultimately, obesity with both male and female adults is common in this minority with 38% of African Americans being prone to this condition. Diabetes is twice as large among this minority then white adults. The HIV infection rate is highest for African Americans compared to other racial minorities. Blacks have the largest death...

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Health Care Model Analysis

...Alise E. Jenkins May 24th, 2015 HCA-515 Health Care Models Analysis Hypothetical Case (basic details only): The patient is 72 year old female who smokes. She complains of extreme fluid retention in lower two limbs and lower abdomen. Breathing is difficult and she is only able to sleep while sitting erect in a reclining chair. Patient has underlying conditions: Obesity, Coronary Artery disease, Edema, Hypertensions, Dyslipidemia, Ischemia, and hx of quadruple Coronary Artery Bypass Graft. Current dx: Heart Failure Medical Model: A number of tests would be performed to analyze the extent of damage of the heart. An electrocardiogram would be one of the first tests performed to check the electrical activity of the heart and detect any type of ischemia (AHA, 2015). The tests would include X-Rays CT, and MRI scans. Also “Angiography that would allow imaging of the blood vessels” (AHA, 2015). Essentially it is creating a map of the heart. Ultrasound evaluations, echocardiograms, would also help define the amount of damage to the heart. Treatments for heart failure can vary due to underlying causes. However in most cases drugs are used to aid the symptoms. These drugs can include “beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and also a diuretic to help rid the body of excess fluid buildup” (CDC, 2015). Mechanical devices can be implemented into the heart too. These devices include pacemakers and defibrillators. These two mechanisms help......

Words: 1367 - Pages: 6

Health Care Business Analysis

...Health Care Business Analysis Kelly Reilly HCS/557 May 18th, 2015 Benjamin Ovando Health Care Business Analysis Budgeting is an extremely important task that takes time and a lot of input from many facets of a work environment. Many budgets are like forecasts as they may not be what actually happens throughout the year but it gives management a good idea of what goals need to be set and how to maintain their programs. Budgets also help in making decisions on how you run your business and in a health care setting that includes budgeting for staff salaries. The following analysis discusses how a CFO might go about budgeting for a hospital, such as the Patton-Fuller Community Hospital, assessing the departmental demands as well as community needs. As a CFO you have to make some tough decisions in regards to where the belt might need to be tightened or if larger purchases need to be made in order to maintain the quality of care. The decision making process is an opportunity to set goals and decide if investments will be worth the cost or cause a financial downfall for the organization. “Among the fundamental concepts basic to the managerial decision process is the incremental concept—only changes in cash flow are important in evaluating decision alternatives.” (Owens, 1980) Variance analysis is basically weighing risk to outcome and in this case the risk would be whether or not it would benefit the hospital long term to increase the nurse’s rate of pay. A CFO......

Words: 1154 - Pages: 5

American Health Care Association: Workforce

...WEEK- 5 ASSIGNMENT HSM-541 HEALTH SERVICE SYSTEM AMERICAN HEALTH CARE ASSOCIATION: WORKFORCE By: Zainab Bohra KELLER MANAGEMENT SCHOOL Professor: Eric Oestmann Date of submission: 23 august 2015 Introduction The primary objective of AHA is promoting quality healthcare provision by all the medical institutions such as the hospitals, and it networks through the public policy system. It is made up of the professionals that provide information about the healthcare as well as an administration to health care providers and the public. It was founded in the year 1898 with the main offices in Chicago, Washington DC, and Illinois. Additionally, it provides the health care information and unrelated information to clinical treatments. However, it has been faced with critical issues throughout its operations in the health care sector in all the states (American Hospital Association, 1974). The key issues are limited service providers, price transparency, quality and safety of the patients, health care information technology, workforce, variations in the health care, working with the employees, teaching hospitals-medical education, emergency readiness, Ebola preparedness and post-acute care among other critical issues faced by American Hospital Association (Jonas, Goldsteen & Goldsteen, 2007). Workforce Over the......

Words: 1285 - Pages: 6

Differences in Canadian and American Health Care

...The Canadian Health Care system has been regarded as one of the best publicly funded health care programs in the world, to conduct a fair and unbiased comparison of the Canadian and American health care systems one should use similar measuring techniques. Comparing our Health Care system to the United States’ is only going to give us a false sense of satisfaction. This will hinder our progress towards reaching a system that would facilitate the needs of every citizen while taking their opinions and complaints into consideration. A Canadian Health Care system created by the people and for the people. The major differences between the Canadian and the American health care systems are that the Canadian health is a publicly-funded single-pay system which covers costs deemed medically necessary for every citizen/resident regardless of their ability to pay. While the American health care is a multi-payer system based on the patient’s finances. I argue That Canadian Health Care system is better than the American Health Care system. In the Canadian system the citizens will pay far less than they would ever pay if they were being treated for any sickness or receiving any medical services in the United States. It is clear that the Canadian health system is better than the American counterpart as the reported Life expectancy is higher in Canada by more than 2 years, 82.4 years for women and 77.4 years for men when compared to the American life expectancy, 80.1 years for women and 74.8......

Words: 4305 - Pages: 18

Health Care Analysis it relies on the health information exchange (HIE) to conduct the exchange of electronic health information in a secure environment, is one of the key elements in getting all the disciplines across the industry to work together in building this national electronic network. Interoperability can be described by how data gets accessed and exchanged and the use of the exchanged data is shared between two or more information technology systems or devices (Naser, n.d.). The systems must be interoperable and share the data as usable knowledge. The health information exchange (HIE) is a process that allows health care professionals and patients to securely access and move clinical information among shared health information systems; while maintaining the integrity of information exchanged (HIMSS, 2014). Obviously, there are inherent risk in the process of exchanging data with the other systems and various groups if the exchange is not done in a secure manner while protecting patient confidence and privacy. All groups including clinical finance, admitting, even the software and medical vendors benefit greatly when data is exchanged securely and seamlessly. The health and human services (HHS) is in the stages of developing information exchange standards for interoperability and information exchange and the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) is responsible for advancing the connectivity and interoperability of health information......

Words: 3027 - Pages: 13

Closing the Gap in Health Disparities of African Americans

...Gap in Health Disparities of African Americans Rosie Vasser Grand Canyon University Closing the Gap in Health Disparities of African Americans Historically speaking African Americans have had harder access to healthcare due to a number of socioeconomic reasons. Many are unable to even get to a facility. When thinking about poverty in America one must associate African Americans with poorer health, less access to medical care and higher risk factors than others. Stressors alone within this group places them at higher risk for hypertension, smoking, diabetes, etc. Lower income limits the availability to healthier food and quality healthcare. AA persistent struggle to achieve the American dreams translates to their persistent struggles with health. The dominate society generational connection to wealth, affords them the ability to access the best in healthcare. AA has very limited access to quality healthcare. According to Eileen M. Crimmins, Mark D. Hayward, and Teresa E. Seeman (2004), “People who are poorer and who have less education are more likely to suffer from diseases, to experience loss of functioning, to be cognitively and physically impaired, and to experience higher mortality rates” (2004), This essay will compare and contrast the health status of the African American minority group and compare to the national average. We will discuss the current health status of this minority group, how health promotion is defined by African Americans, and what health......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4