Acculturate/Adapt to a New Culture/Society

In: Business and Management

Submitted By miawaston
Words 795
Pages 4
Can Kim's (2005) model explain how forced migrants (refugees难民 and asylum seekers避难者) can acculturate/adapt to a new culture/society 适应新文化

(see Witteborn, 2011 on forced migrants)? Why? Why not?

To answer the question, Kim’s model can explain how forced migrants can adapt to a new culture. In Kim’s (2005) theory, cross-cultural adaptation refers to a dynamic process of human evolution that tend to struggle for an internal equilibrium in the face of often adversarial environmental conditions. In some cases, adaptive successes may entirely depend on the positivity of the stranger’s personality. According to Witteborn (2011), forced migrants (asylum seeks and refugees) are not only defined as excluders in “discursive spaces” in the society, but also people do not have the choices but constructs themselves in certain social environment. In her interviews, it is seems that some of refugees have presented how they tried to adapt to the society in a series actions and practices. However, they failed and they still enact and practice their communal identity through “prism of being a refugee”. Thus, it is difficult for them to overcome the problem sited on the severely unreceptive host environment. Kim’s (2005) theory also emphasized that the both of individual cultural background and the new condition of environment plays important role in facilitating of impeding adaption process. Asylum seeks and refugees, as a special group of people, are difficult to achieve a successful adaptation in the host society.

The theory further argues that, as we keep our sight on the goal of successful adaptation in the host society, we experience a gradual personal identity transformation—a subtle and largely unconscious change that leads to an increasingly intercultural personhood. Although our old identity can never be completely replaced by a new one, it can be transformed into…...

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