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Accounting

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Law and the Humanities Online Dr. Hugo Walter
Spring 2014 Email: HGW@BerkeleyCollege.edu
HUM360 Online
4 Credit Hours
Office Hours: Online every day, seven days a week (Sunday through Saturday). Please always feel free to email me with any questions. I will also designate an hour each week when I will be available on Blackboard IM to answer your questions.

COURSE DESCRIPTION
This course examines the treatment of legal themes in literature, music, film and other visual arts as part of a broader consideration of the relationship between the humanities and the law. Students will explore the ways that the humanities utilize different perspectives and aesthetic styles in the discussion of such legal themes as morality, justice, equality and authority.

COURSE GOALS
At the conclusion of the course, students will be able to: Articulate the contribution made by law and the humanities as a field of study. Articulate the ways that imaginative portrayals of law often convey concerns about the process and practice of law with greater persuasive force than factual texts. Identify recurring themes that are investigated in law and the humanities, such as the difference between legal and moral codes, the role of custom in establishing legal norms, the role of punishment, the imperfect functioning of the legal process, unfairness in the criminal justice system, bias against minorities and the poor. Understand the relevance of “artistic” and philosophic considerations of justice in the context of contemporary issues.

REQUIRED RESOURCES
The course readings will be available through various resources. For the course readings please search the following websites and databases which are available through a Berkeley Library LibGuide (http://berkeleycollege.libguides.com/hum360) . Please see Course Material—Required Resources—LibGuide for HUM360 each week. These websites and databases contain numerous excellent literary and philosophical works:
Project Gutenberg (www.gutenberg.org)
Online Literature (http://www.online-literature.com)
ReadBookOnline (http://www.readbookonline.net)
ClassicShorts (http://www.classicshorts.com) http://www.poets.org LitFinder (To access LitFinder, for example, please go to the Blackboard Home Page. Please click on the Library tab. Then please click on Electronic Resources: Databases A-Z. Then please scroll down the list and click on LitFinder. Please change the search term to author and type in the author’s name on one line and the title of the literary work on the next line. Then please click Search. The full text of the literary work will then be available. Thank you.)
For biographical information on an author and literary criticism (essays or articles) on a literary work please search the following electronic databases which are available through the Berkeley Library:
Bloom’s Literary Reference Online
Literature Resource Center
LitFinder
Having a college dictionary is also very helpful. Please note that the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), an excellent dictionary, is available online through the Berkeley Library.

ATTENDANCE; PARTICIPATION
Attendance in an online course is just as important as attendance in an onsite course. Our online week goes from Sunday morning to Saturday evening. All work for a particular week is typically due for full credit by Saturday evening of that week. Please make every effort to keep up with the reading. Please also try to login regularly, participate courteously and thoughtfully in the class discussions, and complete all writing assignments in a timely manner.

GRADING POLICY
Discussions (Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12)—32%
Please see the Discussion folder in Course Material—Assignments each week for the number of responses required for the weekly Discussion.
Writing Assignments (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 7, and 8)—30%
For each Writing Assignment please write one paragraph which should show evidence of critical thinking and reflection.
Journal (Reflective Journal, which is due by the end of Week 9)—24%
Please write one paragraph each week during weeks 1, 3, 5, and 7 with your thoughts about a character, theme, or passage from the required readings. Please submit your Journal as a Word document in Course Material—Assignments (Week 9). The paragraphs for the Journal should not be the same as the paragraphs which you submit for your writing assignments.
Research Paper (due Week 10)—14%
Please start thinking about your research paper by around week 6 of the quarter. Please see Course Material—Required Resources—Research Paper (Weeks 6-9) for information and suggestions about the research paper. Your research paper should focus on a theme, issue, or character from any of the required or recommended readings in the course. The research paper is due by Saturday evening of week 10. However, if you feel that you need more time for the paper, I will still accept the research paper for full credit until Tuesday evening of week 11.

GRADING SCALE
A 90-100%
B+ 85-89%
B 80-84%
C+ 75-79%
C 70-74%
D 60-69%
F Below 60%

COURSE OUTLINE
WEEK 1
Introduction; Law and Justice in Classical Greece Required Reading: Sophocles—Antigone (from the beginning of the drama to the line where Haemon enters from the palace). (http://www.online-literature.com) There is a Discussion Assignment for Week 1. Please also write a paragraph for your Journal. Recommended Reading: Sophocles—Oedipus the King; Plato—Crito; Confucius—The Analects; The Epic of Gilgamesh; Benjamin Cardozo—Law and Literature.
For this week and for various other weeks in the course I will list recommended readings in addition to the required readings. You do not have to read any of the recommended readings. You only have to complete the required readings for each week. However, if you have any extra time and the inclination to read further selections either during the term or in the future after the course, I am adding the recommended readings for your personal pleasure and edification. Please see the websites and databases mentioned in Required Resources to access the recommended readings. You may also find the recommended readings in various college and public libraries.
Course Preparation Time
A suggested preparation time will be listed for each week’s work (that is, the approximate number of hours each week which you should try to devote to the work for this course).
Week 1: Readings—4 hours; Discussion—4 hours ; Writing Assignment—4 hours.

WEEK 2
Law and Justice in Classical Greece Required Reading: Sophocles—Antigone (please finish reading the drama).
(http://www.online-literature.com)
For Week 2 you have a Discussion Assignment and a Writing Assignment. Recommended Reading: Euripides—The Medea; Homer—The Odyssey; The Thousand and One Nights. Recommended Film: A Man for all Seasons (about Sir Thomas More)—1966
Preparation Time for Week 2: Readings—4 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Writing Assignment—4 hours.

WEEK 3
Law and Justice in the 17th Century Required Reading: E. T. A. Hoffmann—“Mademoiselle de Scudery” (the first half of the story). (Please see Project Gutenberg (www.gutenberg.org) : Hoffmann, E. T. A.—Weird Tales, Vol. II (pages 67-109)) There is a Discussion Assignment for Week 3. Please also write a paragraph for your Journal. Recommended Reading: Ovid—Metamorphoses; E. T. A. Hoffmann—“The Sandman”; Hugo Grotius—On the Law of War and Peace; Cervantes—Don Quixote.
Preparation Time for Week 3: Readings—4 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Writing Assignment—4 hours.

WEEK 4
Law and Justice in the 17th Century Required Reading: E. T. A. Hoffmann—“Mademoiselle de Scudery” (please finish reading the story). (Please see Project Gutenberg (www.gutenberg.org) : Hoffmann, E. T. A.—Weird Tales, Vol. II (pages 67-109)) For Week 4 you have a Discussion Assignment and a Writing Assignment. Recommended Reading: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight; Immanuel Kant—Critique of Judgment; Moliere—Tartuffe; Racine—Phaedra; J. W. von Goethe—Faust.
Preparation Time for Week 4: Readings—4 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Writing Assignment—4 hours.

WEEK 5
Good and Evil in the 19th Century Required Reading: Wilhelm and Jacob Grimm—“Cinderella,” “Snow-White and the Seven Dwarfs,” and “Rapunzel” (http://online-literature.com) or Project Gutenberg (www.gutenberg.org) For Week 5 you have a Discussion Assignment. Please also write a paragraph for your Journal. Recommended Reading: E. A. Poe—“The Murders in the Rue Morgue”; “The Purloined Letter”; Heinrich von Kleist—“Michael Kohlhaas”; Fyodor Dostoyevsky—Crime and Punishment; Charles Dickens—Great Expectations; Anton Chekhov—The Shooting Party; Friedrich Karl von Savigny—History of Roman Law in the Middle Ages (1815); The Vocation of Our Age for Legislation and Jurisprudence (1814).
Preparation Time for Week 5: Readings—4 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Writing Assignment—4 hours.

WEEK 6
American Essays on Law and Justice Required Reading: Henry David Thoreau—On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (http://www.online-literature.com) ; Martin Luther King—“Letter from Birmingham Jail” (www.africa.upenn.edu/Articles_Gen/Letter_Birmingham.html) For Week 6 you have a Discussion Assignment and a Writing Assignment. Recommended Reading: Nathaniel Hawthorne—The Scarlet Letter; Frederick Douglass—Autobiography; Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.—The Common Law; Edith Wharton—The House of Mirth; Thurgood Marshall—Essays; M. Gandhi—Autobiography; Alice Walker—The Color Purple; William Faulkner—Absalom, Absalom!; Martin Luther King—“I Have a Dream.”
Preparation Time for Week 6: Readings—4 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Writing Assignment—4 hours.

WEEK 7
A Famous Story of Good and Evil (and Law and Custom) in American Society Required Reading: Nathaniel Hawthorne—“Young Goodman Brown” (http://online-literature.com) For Week 7 you have a Discussion Assignment and a Writing Assignment. Please also write a paragraph in your Journal. Recommended Reading: Victor Hugo—Les Miserables; Michel de Montaigne—Of Custom (1575); Shirley Jackson—“The Lottery”; John Dewey—Human Nature and Conduct (1922); Ursula K. Le Guin—The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas.
Preparation Time for Week 7: Readings—4 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Writing Assignment—4 hours.

WEEK 8
American Poems on Law and Social Issues Required Reading: Langston Hughes—“Harlem,” “I,Too,” “I Dream a World”; Robert Frost—“Mending Wall,” “Out, Out--”; Maya Angelou—“Still I Rise,” “Phenomenal Woman.” For Week 8 you have a Discussion Assignment and a Writing Assignment. Recommended Reading:
Langston Hughes—“Mother to Son”
Robert Frost—“The Road Not Taken,” “Birches”
Maya Angelou—I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, “A Brave and Startling Truth”
Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz—any poem; Respuesta a Sor Filotea; “Primero sueno”
Jorge Luis Borges—any poem; Ficciones (1944)
Hermann Melville—“Bartleby, the Scrivener”
Anton Chekhov—The Cherry Orchard
Ralph Waldo Emerson—“Self-Reliance,” “The Over-Soul”
Octavio Paz—Poemas 1935—1975 (1981); Collected Poems 1957—1987 (1987) Recommended Film: Twelve Angry Men
Preparation Time for Week 8: Readings—4 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Writing Assignment—4 hours.

WEEK 9
Detectives in Literature Who Preserve Law and Order in Society Required Reading:
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle—Sherlock Holmes stories (“The Adventure of the Musgrave Ritual,” “The Adventure of the Empty House”) (www.gutenberg.org) or (http://online-literature.com) The Journal is due by Saturday evening of week 9. For Week 9 you also have a Discussion Assignment. Recommended Reading:
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle—“The Adventure of the Naval Treaty,” “The Norwood Builder”

Famous 20th Century Detectives in Literature:
Agatha Christie: Hercule Poirot; Jane Marple
P.D. James: Adam Dalgliesh
Colin Dexter: Inspector Morse
Recommended Reading: any Agatha Christie novel (for example, The Mysterious Affair at Styles, Death on the Nile, The Murder on the Orient Express, The Murder at the Vicarage); a P.D. James novel; a Colin Dexter novel.
Preparation Time for Week 9: Readings—4 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Writing Assignment (the Journal)—4 hours.

Week 10 The Research Paper is due by Saturday evening of week 10. However, if you feel that you need more time for the paper, I will still accept the research paper for full credit until Tuesday evening of Week 11. There is also a brief Discussion Assignment. Recommended Reading:
William Shakespeare—Othello (http://online-literature.com)
Franz Kafka—The Trial
Hermann Hesse—Essays
Recommended Viewing:
Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Otello Recommended Viewing (Art and Law):
Art works by A. M. W. Pugin (Contrasts); P. J. de Loutherbourg (Coalbrookdale by Night); F. Goya (Disasters of War; The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters; Third of May); E. Delacroix (Liberty Leading the People); William Blake (The Marriage of Heaven and Hell); J. M. W. Turner (The Slave Ship); Jacques-Louis David (Oath of the Horatii; Death of Marat); Pablo Picasso (Guernica).
Preparation Time for Week 10: Readings—3 hours; Discussion—3 hours; Writing Assignment (the Research Paper)—6 hours.

WEEK 11
Law and Social Issues Required Reading: Walt Whitman—“O Captain! My Captain!”; Matthew Arnold—“Dover Beach”; E A. Robinson—“Richard Cory” (http://www.poets.org) There is a Discussion Assignment for Week 11. Recommended Film: To Kill a Mockingbird Recommended Reading:
Supreme Court decisions (www.supremecourt.gov)
William Shakespeare—Julius Caesar
Leo Tolstoy—Anna Karenina
Boris Pasternak—Doctor Zhivago
Peter Brooks and Paul Gewirtz, eds.—Law’s Stories: Narrative and Rhetoric in the Law
Preparation Time for Week 11: Readings—5 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Concluding reflections—3 hours.

WEEK 12
Law and Justice Required Reading: Edgar Allan Poe—“Annabel Lee” ; W. H. Auden—“Musée des Beaux Arts.” (http://www.poets.org) Recommended Reading: Supreme Court decisions (www.supremecourt.gov) The New York Times—Articles on Law, Social Issues, and Violence in Society. Rabindranath Tagore—The Home and the World Pablo Neruda—Alturas de Machu Picchu (1945); Canto General de Chile (1950). There is a brief Discussion Assignment for Week 12. Recommended Film: Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) Recommended Film: Death and the Maiden (1990)

Further Recommended Reading: Theodore Ziolkowski—The Mirror of Justice: Literary Reflections of Legal Crisis; Kieran Dolin—Fiction and the Law: Legal Discourses in Victorian and Modernist Literature.
Preparation Time for Week 12: Readings—5 hours; Discussion—4 hours; Concluding reflections—3 hours.

PLEASE NOTE:
Please feel free to email me anytime with any questions which you have about the course or about the readings. I check my online courses and my email consistently throughout every day of the week (from Sunday morning to Saturday evening). I would like to be as helpful to you and as supportive of you as possible. I hope you have an interesting and an enjoyable term.

Credit Hour Assignment Policy
Course work performed outside of the virtual classroom (such as reading, studying, writing papers, doing projects or receiving tutoring) is critical to academic success. While the time requirements for individual students may vary somewhat, a general rule of thumb is that students should spend about two hours outside the virtual classroom for every hour required in it.

Academic Integrity
Berkeley College is committed to providing an educational experience designed to develop professional competencies, including habits of personal and professional integrity. The College expects all members of its community – students, faculty, and staff – to act honestly in all situations. Actions of Academic Dishonesty will not be tolerated. "Academic dishonesty (is any) form of cheating and plagiarism which result in students giving or receiving unauthorized assistance in an academic exercise or receiving credit for work which is not their own. "(Kibler et. al. (1988), Academic integrity and student development: Legal issues and policy perspectives, Ashville, NC: College Administration Publications, Inc., p. 1.) All students are expected to agree to a pledge of honesty concerning their academic work, and faculty are expected to maintain the standards of that pledge.

Safe Assign as a Learning Tool
SafeAssign helps prevent plagiarism by providing both the student and the professor a feedback report that compares any student work submitted through the software with a comprehensive database of books, journals, websites and papers written by other students. Some of the writing assignments in this course will use Blackboard’s SafeAssign software to help students improve their skill at paraphrasing statements contained in research on a topic and to help increase awareness of the proper use of citation when a student writes a paper using ideas or statements taken from a research source. For any assignment requiring research and/or requiring more than two pages of writing, students will be expected to submit that assignment through SafeAssign in Blackboard, following the submission guidelines given with the assignment instructions. Prior to submitting a final draft of an assignment, students will have the opportunity to submit several drafts of that assignment to SafeAssign in order to get sufficient feedback from SafeAssign reports to help minimize the risk of plagiarism. If the assignment continues to have evidence of plagiarism in the final draft of the assignment, the professor will file a report to the Department Chair documenting the use of the paper as an action of academic dishonesty. If a student fails to submit an assignment to SafeAssign, the professor will assign a grade of zero for that assignment. By submitting a paper to SafeAssign, that paper will become source material included in the SafeAssign database.

ePortfolios at Berkeley College
Berkeley College asks all students to participate in building a program-long ePortfolio of the work that they complete while taking classes at the College. Through a process of collect, select, reflect, and connect, students learn to judge the quality of their own work, speak about their learning, and present evidence of their current knowledge and skills. College faculty will assist with this process by recommending that you store at least one significant piece of work from each course in your Blackboard content collection. For more information, see the "ePortfolios at Berkeley College" organization in Blackboard.

Progress Reports
At the end of Weeks 3 and 6 and during the middle of Week 9, all students will be notified through their Berkeley email about their progress in this course. These reports may include specific strategies for course improvement and your options if you are at risk for course failure.

Academic Support Center
The Academic Support Center offers academic assistance to all students through the use of services including tutoring, workshops, and access to computer based programs. For further information, please visit the Academic Support Center on Blackboard.

Information Literacy
Information Literacy is a valuable set of skills that empowers students to become agile information seekers who adapt to changing modes of information delivery and are selective, critical, ethical users of information in all formats. These skills are embedded within course work throughout academic programs.

Compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Any student who seeks a reasonable accommodation of a disability with respect to an academic matter should obtain a Berkeley College Request For Accommodation of Disability Form, as soon as the need becomes apparent, from one of the following ADA Coordinators: 1) NY Campuses – Adam Rosen, Psy.D, (212) 986-4343, ext.4216, amr@BerkeleyCollege.edu; 2) NJ Campuses – Sandra Coppola, Ph.D., (973) 278-5400, ext.1320,sec@BerkeleyCollege.edu; or 3) Online – Katherine Wu, Ed.M., LMHC, (973) 405-2111, ext.1394, knw@BerkeleyCollege.edu. The student should specify on this form the accommodation sought, as well as the reason for and duration of the need, and then attach appropriate supporting documentation when submitting this signed form to one of the ADA Coordinators. Such requests will be determined by the relevant Department Chair in consultation with the relevant instructor and with the concurrence of the ADA Coordinator. The types of accommodations available under Berkeley’s Equal Opportunity Policy are based upon the individual’s documented disability and the College’s ability to provide assistance without incurring undue burden or fundamentally altering its programs, facilities, policies or activities.

Note: Berkeley College reserves the right to add, discontinue, or modify its programs and policies at any time. Modifications subsequent to the original publication of this syllabus may not be reflected here. For the most up-to-date information, please visit BerkeleyCollege.edu. Information about Berkeley College courses is provided for purposes of illustration only. Course offerings, descriptions, syllabi, and content are subject to change at any time without notice.…...

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...UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION WINNEBA COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION KUMASI NAME : ASSEM GABRIEL AKROFI PROGRAMME : BSc (ACCOUNTING EDUCATION) LEVEL : 100 CLASS : B SUBJECT : ACCOUNTING COURSE CODE : ACC 111 NAME OF LECTURER : J.Y DWOMMOR INDEX NUMBER : 5151010092 QUESTION With the introduction of computer, accounting as an area of studying has out lead its importance because with two or three weeks of training, a computer programmer can prepare financial statement using computer application. A. What extend do you agree or disagree with this statement? B. In not less than two and less than five pages, write an essay on this issue. SOLUTION I disagree with the motion that a computer programmer can prepare financial statement on his own. To set the issue burning, let us consider who an accountant is and the role he or she performs in an organization as compared to a computer programmer. An accountant is anyone who monitors and records the flow of money through a business or an organization. He or she verify the accuracy of all monetary transactions and to make sure that all these are legal and follow correct guidelines. Accountants may choose to work private individuals and help them with their financial decisions, tax returns or other money related issues. The accountant practises accountancy and accounting which is the disclosure, measurement or provision of assurance about financial information which help investors, tax authorities,......

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...The future of the accounting profession will be a period of increased change and continuous development. The industry will require new levels of business flexibility and competition will intensify because new industry entrants will outsource and automate accounting, audit, and tax professionals, especially for routine and lower-value services. Financial service companies, banks, software and Internet firms will soon offer an increasing amount of accounting and tax-related products and services. Outsourcing to lower-cost countries will also continue to grow in the future. India, for example, already attracts global accounting work and other countries are moving into this field. Seeing opportunity, the government has targeted accounting outsourcing as a growth industry. Globalization will require accounting professionals to master new skills, knowledge, and standards as a growing number of clients operate across borders. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has issued a plan to require U.S. companies to issue financial statements to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) by 2015. This means that practitioners will be required to gain expertise in both the U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and IFRS reporting standards. In addition to the changes brought by IFRS, other legal requirements will continue to expand as governments at all levels increasingly require accounting professionals to help with agreements. Even accounting......

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